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Excavation will take place in the northern two-thirds of the trench, which is a slope adjacent to the medieval road. The remaining third of the trench encompasses part of the road and will not be excavated. The main focus of excavation will be leveling out this slope in order to reach a more secure archaeological context.

Soil will be broken up with the pointed end of a pickaxe and then sorted into buckets and removed from the trench, saving any archaeological materials recovered. The trench will be regularly tidied with trowels and the baulk walls trimmed to better examine potential changes in stratigraphy.

Terracotta tile will be collected into a bowl for each locus. These bowls will be counted at the end of each work day and discarded in a tile dump approximately ten meters east of T-96, on top of the 2009 CC-7 trench. Pottery and bone will be collected in bulk by locus and will be counted and taken to the magazzino for cleaning and study at the end of each work day.

For special finds recovered during hand sorting into buckets, the coordinates and elevations will be recorded. In order to determine the coordinates, a plumb bob will be held over the location of the special find, and then the distance from two perpendicular baulk walls will be determined by extending a tape measure at a right angle from the string of the plumb bob to the string marking the boundaries of the trench. In order to determine the elevation of special finds, once again a plumb bob will be held over the find spot. A string with a line-level will be attached to a fixed datum point and will be pulled taut and level so that it intersects with the string of the plumb bob. A tape measure will be held so that it runs parallel to the string of the plumb bob, and the elevation relative to the datum point may then be determined. As the absolute elevation of the datum point is known, the absolute elevation of the special find may be calculated used the found relative elevation.

Excavation methods may change throughout the season, as the types and amounts of material found, as well as the geology and topology of the trench, ultimately determine the best excavation method.

Suggested Citation

Anthony Tuck. (2019) "T96 (nan):15-18; Methods from Europe/Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 96/T96 2019". In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed). Released: 2019-09-13. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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