project banner image
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Male Votaries with Vegetal Wreaths and Fillets and Sculpted Votive Offerings
Title Male Votary Head with Fillet
Excavation Unit 10
Stratigraphic Unit 1099.149
Context Found on the surface of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary (EU 10/SU 1099.149).
Current Location Larnaka District Archaeological Museum, Cyprus
Material Limestone
Height (cm) 16.25
Width (cm) 9.92
Date 500 – 450 BCE
Thickness (cm) 11.03
Weight (kg) 1.178
Description Under- life-size head of a male votary wearing a fillet, broken at the neck. The face is full and oval with a broad, flat, slanting forehead and fleshy jaw/chin; the individual features of the face are somewhat blurred by weathering. The ears are exposed beneath a thick row of curls; the better-preserved right ear is well delineated, including its interior. The head has a slight tilt to its proper right. The hair, which is bound by a simple fillet, is rendered on top by deeply incised grooves that radiate symmetrically from the crown. Beneath the fillet, the hair ends in a single row of robustly modeled curls that protrude considerably over the forehead, ears, and nape, creating a deeply shadowed shelf. In back, the hair falls beneath the fillet in a single row of large, hooked curls. There is no evidence of pigment and black splotches from natural discoloration appear passim.
Commentary Despite Melitta Brönner’s (2001: 30) assertion that Cypriot sculptors did not adopt the so-called Severe Style (the most thorough treatment remains Ridgway 1970), several Cypriot votive statues can be confidently dated to the first half of the fifth century BCE based on their stylistic similarities to mainland Greek sculpture of this period (for Severe Style in Cyprus, see Hermary 2005; Hermary and Mertens 2015: 24; Hermary 2005). The heavy, “doughy” jaw of AAP-AM-1172 and slight tilt of the head recall changes that characterize the break from late Archaic to early cClassical in Greek sculpture, suggesting a date between of 490-–450 BCE . At first glance, AAP-AM-1172 recalls the famous Kritios Boy from the Athenian Acropolis (ca. 480-–470 BCE;, see Hurwit 1989; Stewart 2008), with his short hairstyle and large, looming, curls encircling his head. The intricately carved, voluminous curls form a deeply shadowed shelf that encircles the head and recall clearly stylistic trends associated with the Severe Style period. The Apollo from the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia epitomizes the style; Apollo’s ribbed hair radiates from the crown, while the individualized strands of hair fall over the ears and forehead from the fillet, ending in large, intricately carved curls (Stewart 1990: pl. 270). The influence of this style reached Magna Graecia (e.g., the “Castelvetrano Boy ” [Holloway 1975: figs. 147-–48] and a marble kouros from Akragas [Holloway 1975: figs. 156-–57]). The prominent curls on AAP-AM-1172 betray influence from bronze sculpture, which allowed for the articulation of heavy, individualized features—, e.g.,for example, the famous “Chatsworth Apollo” in the British Museum (Bouquillon et al. 2006) and the limestone “Apollo of Malloura” in the Musée du Louvre (Hermary 1989a: 315-–17, cat. no. 627). A head from Edmond Duthoit’s 1865 excavations at Golgoi in the Louvre (Hermary 1989a: 58, cat. no. 79), dated to circa. 490-–480 BCE, is comparable in its treatment of the curls as they fall beneath a fillet. AAP-AM-1172 should probably be associated with a group of “Hellenized kouroi” dated to the early years of the fifth century BCE (Weill 1973) that feature short, athletic hairstyles coupled with an active, well-modeled, nude torsos. There are several fully preserved examples, including a statue in the Cyprus Museum (Richter 1970: figs. 530-32; CM 1939/VII014.1; Richter 1970: figs. 530–32) and another from Idalion in the British Museum (C85; Senff 1993: 48-–49, pl. 33, e-–h ), both dated to circa. 500 BCE.
Bibliography Counts 1998: 150, cat. no. 12
Sketchfab Media URL
Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-1172 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

Copyright License

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.

Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)