project banner image
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Male Votaries with Vegetal Wreaths and Fillets and Sculpted Votive Offerings
Title Male Votary Head with Vegetal Wreath
Excavation Unit 10
Stratigraphic Unit 1024
Context Found in the construction fill of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary (EU 10/SU 1024).
Current Location Kallinikeio Municipal Museum of Athienou, Cyprus
Material Limestone
Height (cm) 24.7
Width (cm) 15.4
Date 480 – 450 BCE
Thickness (cm) 19.1
Weight (kg) 2.0
Description Life-size male head wearing a vegetal wreath, broken at the neck. The face is oval with a broad forehead. The facial features are smoothly rounded and well- defined with deep cuttings around the eyes and mouth, which accentuate the arched, low brow, prominent cheekbones, protruding lips, and sharp chin. The eyes are almond-shaped with thick lids and set horizontally; the smile is pronounced although asymmetrical. The head is wreathed by a single row of laurel leaves attached to a thin band and arranged in a slanting pattern towards the front of the head. The leaves begin in back on either side and move to the front, where they stop short of meeting, leaving a small gap above the forehead. The hair is rendered on top by shallow incisions that radiate out from the crown to meet the wreath. The hair in back falls in a compact mass to the nape of the neck and is patterned with deep horizontal grooves transected by shallower vertical incisions. The hair in front (beneath the wreath) is shown by a row of densely spiraled curls. There is no evidence of pigment; black splotches of natural discoloration appear passim.
Commentary AAP-AM-97 betrays Greek stylistic influences with well-defined, smooth facial features and a visible smile, coupled with a strong emphasis on the structure of the underlying cheekbones in the Cypriot tradition. The eyes remain almond-shaped, yet are less prominent and less open than in the preceding generation. This head recalls a group from the Athienou region of similar type in the Musée du Louvre, which Antoine Hermary has dated to the second quarter of the fifth century BCE (Hermary 1989a: 145-–46, cat. nos. 284, 286-–87). In fact, comparison with the head from the French excavations at Malloura (cat. no. 287) suggests that the two may share a common workshop. The Louvre head exhibits comparable attention to smooth facial transitions and well-defined, sculpted eyes. Furthermore, the broad, semi-lunar forehead area created by the high-arching front curls and low, almost horizontal brows, on both pieces is comparable. Whereas AAP-AM-97 seems to represent the transition from CA to CC in Cyprus, its companion piece in the Louvre begins to show signs of the more symmetrical, almost mundane styles of the fifth century CC BCE in Cyprus (Gjerstad 1948: 119). Another head from Idalion, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, can also be compared stylistically to AAP-AM-97; Hermary (Hermary and Mertens 2015: 114, cat. no. 115) dates this head to the second quarter of the fifth century BCE. Based on these comparisons, it is likely that AAP-AM-97 dates to the end of CA II or /early CC I , circa. 480-–450 BCE.
Bibliography Counts 1998: 156, cat. no. 17
Sketchfab Media URL
Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-97 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

Copyright License

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.

Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)