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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Divine Images: Cypriot Pan
Title Pan Statuette
Excavation Unit 10
Stratigraphic Unit 1099.061 & 1099.072
Context Found in a disturbed context, within a modern looter’s pit (EU 10/SU 1099.061 and EU 10/SU 1099.072).
Current Location Kallinikeio Municipal Museum of Athienou, Cyprus
Material Limestone
Height (cm) 30.5
Width (cm) 13.538
Date 310 – 150 BCE
Thickness (cm) 6.85
Weight (kg) 1.85
Description Cypriot Pan statuette with head, feet, and base missing; found in two fragments now joined at thighs. Pan holds his syrinx (panpipes) while standing in a dynamic contrapposto: his uneven shoulders and hips are a natural response to his weight-bearing right leg and his slightly bent and outturned left leg. He is frontally nude but wears an animal skin cape that has been pulled over the shoulders and across the upper arms and tied in a Herakles knot at the center of the chest. A raised rim on the edges of this cape creates a decorative collar. The skin falls naturally from the knot; the faint form of a goat’s hoof is preserved. The triangular end of a wig-like coiffure falls behind the neck to rest on the proper right shoulder and can be followed around the back of the statuette as a simple, horizontal groove. This line on the back also distinguishes the coiffure from the back side of the cape, which is flat and rough with marks from the sculptor’s knife and chisel. Pan’s right arm extends along his side while his long and delicately rendered fingers grip the lateral edge of the cape. Thick folds cascade below the fingers before clinging together behind the right calf and billowing between the legs. Pan grips his syrinx in playing position with his left hand while supporting it between the side of his chest and his flexed arm. The pipes, originally four but only three are preserved, are vertical and bound by the horizontal straps indicated on either side of the hand. A depression marks the navel, and although the genitalia are worn and partially truncated, the figure is not ithyphallic. There are faint traces of red paint on the knot of the cape, the legs, and the back.
Commentary AAP-AM-624+697 represents a possible later form of the so-called Cypriot Pan type, which dominates the repertoire of divine iconography in Cypriot sanctuaries throughout the agriculturally rich plains of the Mesaoria beginning in the late CC period. This is the best example to date of a type that has so far been unique to Athienou-Malloura (see Category 4, Cofer 2011: 171, fig. 12.9). The combination of the contrapposto, the absence of an ithyphallus, the syrinx held up against the chest in playing position, and the other hand grasping the edge of the cape (in lieu of gripping a lagobolon) defines this type. Also distinctive is the upper body, which shows a fleshy physique that appears squat in comparison to the long and slender legs. Although other Cypriot Pan types can exhibit contrapposto (e.g., Hermary and Mertens 2015: 248, cat. no. 332; most notably one exclusive to the sanctuary at Lefkoniko, see Category 3, Cofer 2011: 170–71, fig. 12.11; Myres 1945: 54–68), none includes the syrinx or is as successful at demonstrating an asymmetrical balance. The pronounced and graceful S curve of the body profile compares well with trends in Greek sculpture of the later fourth century BCE, particularly those associated with the sculptor Praxiteles. A date as early as circa 300 BCE is possible as another example of this type, a right-hand fragment AAP-AM-1260, was found in a context clearly associated with the reorganization of the sanctuary at that time (Cofer 2011: 173).
Bibliography Cofer 2001: 144, 207-208, pl. VII; 2011: 169-71, 173 fig. 12.9
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Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-624+697 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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