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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Female and Other Types
Title Standing Robed Female Figurine
Excavation Unit 10
Stratigraphic Unit 1099.158
Context AAP-AM-1366 was found in a disturbed context, a mixed deposit consisting of alluvial layers and modern looter pits (EU 24/SU 2400). AAP-AM-1595 was found in the construction fill of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary (EU 10/SU 1099.158).
Current Location Kallinikeio Municipal Museum of Athienou, Cyprus
Material Terracotta
Height (cm) 11.138
Width (cm) 3.251
Date 600 – 400 BCE
Thickness (cm) 2.92
Weight (kg) 0.018
Description Moldmade robed female figurine, broken above the knees, now joined. The figure stands upright and holds both hands cupped under the breasts; the shod feet rest on a small, rounded base, concave at the bottom. She is dressed in a long-sleeved chiton with an overfold hem that falls to the hips in swallowtail folds; the center pleat of the overfold drops from the neckline between small breasts and opens at the hem in a “butterfly” fold. The long sleeves fall in folds gathered around the upper arms. Beneath the overfold, the chiton falls in vertical folds at the front and parallel diagonal folds along the sides of the legs. The figure wears a conical headdress with a veil that covers the side of the face and ears, and appears to fall to the feet, framing the body. A single fringe of hair is visible beneath the hood on the forehead. The long, ovoid face bears Archaic features, including rounded cheeks; large, almond-shaped, eyes rimmed with heavy lids; a distinctive nose; and a small mouth with a faint smile. The figure wears a short, beaded choker necklace with a circular pendant and a second, longer necklace with a double band of beads and a disk amulet resting between the breasts. Additionally, the figure wears a large bracelet on each wrist. The worn features and lack of crisp details are the result of manufacture from a worn mold rather than postproduction weathering. The back of the figure is smoothed flat and slightly curved from the mold technique; numerous vertical tool marks are visible on the back. Fingerprints are visible on the chin, arms, lower garment, and base. No evidence of added pigment; the fabric is light beige (10YR 8/2) with a slightly pink interior.
Commentary Depictions of women that are either nude or clothed with emphasized breasts and genitalia are commonly, but problematically, labeled “Astarte” figures; they have a long history on the island and seem to have been inspired by Levantine examples (J. Karageorghis 1977: 149–64, 206–9, 1999: 1–3, 67; Sophocleous 1985: 93–113; Ulbrich 2008: 70–77). AAP-AM-1366+1595, one variant of this type with both hands held on or below the breasts to draw attention to them, can be placed at the end of this tradition based on the style and dress. It was common for coroplasts to update this type with newer dress styles, although the face of many, like AAP-AM-1366+1595, could retain earlier Archaic features (see also limestone female head with veil, AAP-AM-850, with similar headdress and archaizing features). Examples of this type, like AAP-AM-1366+1595, that wear elaborate, pleated chitons show influence from mainland Greek dress styles, indicating a later date. A figurine holding the edge of her veil with similar facial features, headdress, and veil, and wearing a garment with swallowtail folds was found in a CA II tomb in Nicosia (J. Karageorghis 1999: 190, cat. no. 130, pl. L: 4), and other stylistically similar female figurines that hold offerings also date to the end of the CA (for an example wearing a similar conical headdress and veil, but with an earlier style garment, see J. Karageorghis 1999: 212, cat. no. 59, pl. LV: 7; Karageorghis et al. 2018: 105, cat. no. 176; for examples wearing conical headdresses with chitons, see J. Karageorghis 1999: 189–90, cat. nos. 129–32, pls. L: 5–7, LI: 1; Karageorghis et al. 2018: 135, cat. no. 215). A figurine with a chiton/himation dress and similar pose holding both hands under the breasts comes from Kythrea (J. Karageorghis 1999: 67, cat. no. 184, pl. XVIII: 7). The manufacture technique (moldmade), style, and dress of the Malloura figurine date this example to the end of the CA period or the beginning of the CC.
Bibliography Averett 2011: 141, fig. 10.13
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Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-1366+1595 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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