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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Warriors, Horses, and Chariots
Title Horse-and-Rider Statuette
Excavation Unit 18
Stratigraphic Unit 1802
Context Found in a disturbed context, a mixed deposit consisting of alluvial layers and modern looter pits (EU 18/SU 1802).
Current Location Larnaka District Archaeological Museum, Cyprus
Material Limestone
Height (cm) 12.32
Width (cm) 10.88
Date 600 – 400 BCE
Thickness (cm) 5.65
Weight (kg) 0.661
Description Fragment of a limestone horse-and-rider statuette, preserving the proper left forequarters and left leg of the rider. The proper right side is missing due to limestone fracture. Surface wear obscures the details of the rider, although it appears that the rider wears some type of shorts and possibly boots. The horse has a broad breast collar, from which hang five tassels with faint vertical striations visible. No evidence of pigment; black splotches of natural discoloration throughout.
Commentary Horse-and-rider statuettes are generally rare in limestone, but are much more prevalent in terracotta (both in medium and small scale: see Crouwel and Tatton-Brown 1988; Karageorghis 1995: 91), where they are found especially at sanctuaries dedicated to male deities (see Hermary 1996a: 147–48; Karageorghis 1995: 61–95). AAP-AM-998 is one of the few examples in limestone of this type (for the relationship between small-scale terracotta and limestone statuettes, see Vandenabeele 1994). Similar limestone horse-and-rider statuettes have been found at Kourion (Hermary 1996a: pl. 46: 2–3), Idalion (Senff 1993: 61, pl. 45e–i [BM C82, C83]), Tamassos (Pryce 1931: cat. no. C81), Golgoi-Ayios Photios (Hermary and Mertens 2015: 189, cat. no. 236), Potamia (Karageorghis 1979: pl. xlv: 6), and from the palace at Amathous (Hermary 2000: 129–30, cat. nos. 851–54). The tassels and breast collar of the Malloura horse are a simplified version of the Golgoi and Idalion examples, tentatively dated to the middle to third quarter of the sixth century BCE. A more precise date is difficult to determine, although Antoine Hermary (1996a: 147–48) has dated the type (based on the large number found at the temple of Apollo Hylates at Kourion) to a fairly limited period from circa 550 to 450 BCE (see also Vandenabeele 1994: 128 for a similar conclusion).
Bibliography Counts 1998: 170, cat. no. 32
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Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-998 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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