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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Warriors, Horses, and Chariots
Title Warrior Figurine
Excavation Unit 24
Stratigraphic Unit 2458
Context Found in the construction fill of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary (EU 24/SU 2458).
Current Location Larnaka District Archaeological Museum, Cyprus
Material Terracotta
Height (cm) 8.2
Width (cm) 8.0
Date 600 – 500 BCE
Thickness (cm) 5.4
Weight (kg) 0.073
Description Handmade terracotta warrior wearing a conical helmet, broken at the waist, left arm missing. The helmet extends vertically to a pointed top; a rolled ridge defines the rim of the cap. The face is broad and flat with a projecting chin, representing a beard, and a large, applied nose. An elongated left ear is attached; the right ear is not preserved. A circular shield is slung over the warrior’s back, attached by a thick strap rendered in clay that extends over the shoulders and around the neck. The diameter of the shield reaches from the back of the figure’s head to the lower back. The shield is flat with a conical boss protruding from the center. The proper left arm of the warrior is broken just below the shoulder, while the proper right arm is preserved to the wrist. Preserved pigment includes: red and black stripes on the arms, red and black on the torso, red on the helmet and nose, and black along the sides of the face and lining the eyes. Faint red pigment is also visible on the shield. Fabric is very light brown (10YR 8/2), with interior light gray (2.5Y 7/1) with small brown and black inclusions.
Commentary AAP-AM-2100 represents a common type of warrior figurine with shield found in Cypriot sanctuaries and tombs. While most examples depict warriors wielding a shield in an active pose or carried at their side, the positioning of the shield slung across the back on the Malloura example is distinctive and rare (for a limestone example from a chariot group, see Hermary and Mertens 2015: 188–89, cat. no. 235). The shield position and outstretched pose of the preserved arms makes it likely that AAP-AM-2100 originally rode at the back of a chariot group. The closest parallel is a CA chariot model allegedly from Kotchati (Hadjiprodromou Collection, Famagusta, no. 426; Karageorghis 1995: 107, cat. no. 2, pl. LVII). The warrior figurine in this model stands closely behind the charioteer; the position of the shield and the arms as well as the general style of the body and painted decoration are similar to the Malloura example. Overall, the simple black and red decoration on the torso; the stylized, large, painted eyes; and the broad, flat plane of the face with jutting beard date this figurine to the CA II period.
Bibliography Averett 2011: 139, fig. 10.9.
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Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-2100 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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