project banner image
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Divine Images: Zeus Ammon
Title Enthroned “Zeus-Ammon” Statuette
Excavation Unit 10
Stratigraphic Unit 1099.89
Context Found in the construction fill of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary, between two Archaic-period walls that had also been incorporated into the fill (EU 10/SU 1099.089).
Current Location Larnaka District Archaeological Museum, Cyprus
Material Limestone
Height (cm) 9.5
Width (cm) 6.9
Date 550 – 525 BCE.
Thickness (cm) 3.3
Weight (kg) 0.185
Description Zeus-Ammon seated on a throne with slight breakage along the upper and lower right edges. The figure is seated frontally with arms resting on the throne (hands grip the armrests); the feet are set close together resting on the base. The face is triangular with a wide forehead tapering to a pointed (bearded?) chin. The details of the face are weathered; however, large, almond-shaped eyes and prominent lips with a noticeable Archaic smile are visible. Large, curved ram horns contour the ears of the figure and terminate at the jaw; the horns appear to have been detailed with shallow, parallel grooves transecting the length. The figure wears a long robe that falls to the ankles; an arched groove at the waist indicates a differentiation in drapery that is otherwise lacking in details. The back is flat and summarily worked. Extensive weathering is evident across the surface and there are porous holes throughout. Very faint traces of red pigment are visible on the surface throughout, with slight indications of natural discoloration in back.
Commentary AAP-AM-714 repeats the same iconography found on AAP-AM-623: an anthropomorphic, bearded divinity with the horns of a ram worn as a headdress (Counts 2009: 107–8; Kleibl 2008, 2010). The image is clearly connected to a male divinity favored in Cyprus’s rural sanctuaries in and around the Mesaoria. The enthroned type seen here is common in Cyprus, but also found outside the island (Sophocleous 1985: 59–60). An example from Lefkoniko reproduces almost exactly the style and iconography of AAP-AM-714 (Myres 1945: no. 411). The basic attitude of the seated figures is similar, as is the abbreviated modeling of the arms laid flat on the armrests of the high-backed throne, rendered in high relief as if part of the armrests. Furthermore, both figures are draped in a plain garment that is partially cinched at the waist and folded over like a Greek kolpos. In this case, the influence of Greek dress may come from Rhodes; examples of seated figures (both human- and ram-headed) in much the same attitude and dress come from the excavations at Lindos dated to middle of the sixth century BCE (Blinkenberg 1931: 442–43, pl. 74, nos. 1787, 1794, 1795). The similarities with the Lindos examples as well as the discernable facial features (although weathered) suggest a date in the second half of the sixth century BCE for the Malloura statuette.
Bibliography Counts 1998: 175, cat. no. 35; 2004: 18; 2009: 108, fig. 11.9
Sketchfab Media URL
Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-714 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

Copyright License

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.

Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)