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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Type Male Votaries with Conical Helmets and Other Headgear
Title Fragmentary Male Votary Head
Excavation Unit 36
Stratigraphic Unit 3634
Context Found in the construction fill of the hard-packed floor layer associated with the Hellenistic-Roman phase of the sanctuary (EU 36/SU 3634).
Current Location Larnaka District Archaeological Museum, Cyprus
Material Terracotta
Height (cm) 7.7
Width (cm) 6.7
Date 600 – 575 BCE
Thickness (cm) 2.7
Weight (kg) 0.114
Description Moldmade face from a slightly under-life-size statue of a bearded male votary, broken beneath the eyes and nose, at the cheeks on both sides, as well as at the neck attachment point. The face is subtly modeled, with rounded cheeks and short, full lips separated by a deep groove. Black pigment defines the lips and possibly also represents a mustache. The lower eyelids bulge out from the face and are defined by thick, black pigment. The chin extends forward slightly from the face; black pigment delineates a low, chinstrap beard that follows the contour of the jawbone and underneath the chin, with a small circle of black pigment extending up from the middle of the chin. Indentions where the clay was pressed into the mold are preserved on the hollow interior of the face. The fabric is pale yellow (2.5Y 7/4); inner fabric color is light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4); hollow inside of face is very pale brown (10YR 7/4); tiny brown and dark purple inclusions.
Commentary Cypriot coroplasts began a prolific and early tradition of terracotta statuary, ranging from small statuettes to over-life-size statues at least by the middle of the seventh century BCE (Fourrier 2007: 14–17, 89–92, 103–7; Henke 2019; Hermary 1991; Karageorghis et al. 2018: 254; Karageorghis et al. 2019: 115, 125–28). Such statues were made with a variety of techniques, usually consisting of combining moldmade faces, moldmade or wheelmade body parts, and handmade additions to form medium- to large-scale statues (Henke 2019; Ikosi 1991–92, 1992; Karageorghis 1993: 102–6; Karageorghis et al. 2018: 254; Karageorghis et al. 2019: 123–25). The same molds were often used for male and female faces, which were subsequently attached to body parts made of various techniques, so often gender is not discernable unless a beard (as with AAP-AM-3646) or hairstyle/headdress is preserved. The beard and possible mustache identify AAP-AM-3646 as male. Although no headdress is preserved, it is likely that this votary wore a conical helmet based on comparanda. The thick, black-pigmented lips of AAP-AM-3646 are unusual. Dating is difficult due to the fragmentary nature of this head, but the naturalistic modeling of the cheeks and its general style suggests a date in the sixth century BCE. The style of the preserved facial features is closest to the “Idalion School” (see Fourrier 2007: 39–51; for specific comparanda, see Karageorghis 1993: 45–46, 68–69, cat. nos. 113, 115, 116, 238–40; Karageorghis et al. 2018: 42–43, cat. nos. 64, 66; for similar low chinstrap beard, see an example from the sanctuary of Apollo Hylates at Kourion, Karageorghis et al. 2018: 44–45, cat. no. 69), which parallels other connections in sculptural style between the regions of modern Athienou and Idalion (e.g., AAP-AM-97; AAP-AM-623; AAP-AM-1108).
Bibliography Unpublished
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Suggested Citation

Derek Counts, Erin Averett, Kevin Garstki. (2020) "AAP-AM-3646 from Europe/Cyprus/Athienou-Malloura". In Visualizing Votive Practice: Exploring Limestone and Terracotta Sculpture from Athienou-Malloura through 3D Models. Derek B. Counts, Erin Walcek Averett, Kevin Garstki, Michael Toumazou (Ed). Released: 2020-07-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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