project banner image
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Trench Length (m) 5.0
Trench Width (m) 4.0
  • 2004
  • 2005
Description Trench D9 is a 4 by 5 meter excavation unit meant to be an extension of trench D5. It is located in Area D on the steep eastern slopes of Kenan Tepe’s main mound east and slightly down-slope from the southern half of trench D5. The goal of this trench was to further expose contests related to the Ubaid period house and storage structures excavated in trenches D4, D5, D6, D8 and D10. Unfortunately, no Ubaid remains were recovered in this trench due to the fact that during the Late Chalcolithic period a large dome-shaped oven was constructed in the southwestern part of this trench. The construction of this oven, which was almost certainly included digging a niche into the side of the mound, destroyed the surrounding Ubaid period contexts. This trench is thus characterized by a large well-preserved Late Chalcolithic dome-shaped oven or kiln and its surrounding surfaces.
Tentative Dating Late Chalcolithic
Has note A trench is the projection of a 2D square or rectangle onto some small portion of an Area. This projection is usually excavated vertically, leaving a one-half meter space between the vertically excavated space and the edge of the trench so that a standing section, or baulk, is left as a record of the trench stratigraphy. Generally speaking, trenches fit into the north-south grid established on the site. The exception is where the site topography does not allow a trench to be oriented to the cardinal points. Trench corners were located using a total station and secured with cement. The location of all excavated material within a trench was measured relative to the actual (cemented) corners of the trench. Various sized trenches were excavated at Kenan Tepe including 1 x 1 and 2 x 2 meter soundings and 3 x 5, 5 x 5, 5 x 10 and 10 x 10 meter trenches. One or two students were typically placed in control of a trench as "trench supervisors." Trenches also typically had between 1 and 4 local laborers. Area supervisors oversaw trenches in each area. Trench supervisors were responsible for recording the excavation and for directing the local laborers. This included keeping a daily journal that recorded observations and activities in each trench, drawing daily plans showing the location of excavated contexts, taking photographs and issuing loci and finds bag numbers. Area supervisors oversaw excavation and sampling strategies and guided trench supervisors in excavation procedures and interpretation.
D9 figure 1
D9 figure 2
D9 figure 3
D9 figure 4
D9 figure 5
Suggested Citation

Bradley Parker, Peter Cobb. (2012) "Trench 9 from Asia/Turkey/Kenan Tepe/Area D". In Kenan Tepe. Bradley Parker, Peter Cobb (Ed). Released: 2012-03-28. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

Editorial Status
Part of Project
Copyright License

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.

Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)