Open Context


T 59 was opened in 2014 in order to:

  1. To search for additional examples of non-elite architecture dating to the 7th century BCE and contemporary with the three Orientalizing-Period buildings and the newly discovered structure in Civitate A.
  2. To determine if industrial space is regularly attached to non-elite domestic space.
  3. To better understand the stratigraphic relationship between the dirt road and the area directly to its north
  4. Given the proximity of this area to the defensive fortifications of the 6th century courtyard building, which is approximately only 10 meters to the east, to search for further evidence of defensive works dating to the 6th century BCE and to find additional evidence for the purposeful destruction of this building.

T 59 did not reveal any new examples on non-elite architecture dating to the 7th century BCE, but part of what may be a monumental structure, perhaps dating to the 7th century, was found in the trench. In Locus 5 , what may be a wall, consisting of two or three rows of large stones and measuring approximately 1-1.2 meters in width, was found running roughly east-west across the entire trench. This wall continued into the nearby trenches of T 65 ( JWM/KRC I ) and T 66 ( KD II ), thereby extending approximately 20 meters. Excavations to the north, in T 57 ( AJC VI ), revealed a parallel wall of similar dimensions and in T 69 ( EMO VII ), which was opened off of the western wall of T 59, the T 59 wall continued westward. Currently, no return walls or corners have been found, so the dimensions of this possible new building are unknown, but the internal distance between the walls in T 59 and T 57 measures approximately 5.7 meters. Further elements of the rock feature found in T 59 may comprise a sort of sub-floor, although further investigation is needed.

The nature or function of this potential new building has not yet been determined. Relatively little pottery and hardly any roofing tile was recovered from the area and very little evidence for industry was found; in T 59, a single bellows fragment with adhered carbon and a tile fragment with adhered slag ( 20140056

20140056 ) are the only examples of industrial activity. Some weaving equipment, including a loom weight, a spindle whorl ( 20140052 20140052 ), and a rocchetto fragment ( 20140083 20140083 ) were recovered from the trench, indicating that weaving may have occurred in the vicinity, but three examples of weaving equipment is too few to draw firm conclusions.

Two artifacts found from the rock feature to the north of the possible wall indicate that this possible new building may date to the 7th century BCE and be contemporary with the other three buildings of the Orientalizing-Period complex. A cut-out akroterion fragment ( 20140087

20140087 ), which adorned the roofs of the other 7th century monumental buildings, and a bucchero vessel ( 20140128 20140128 ) that is typologically identical to a vessel found on the floor of OC3 Tripartite Building were found from within a rock packing to the north of the possible wall, indicating that this building likely dates to the second half of the 7th century BCE and is contemporary with the other 7th century monumental buildings. No materials that can be dated securely to the 6th century BCE were found in T 59.

The architectural findings in T 59 were only approximately 30cm below surface and so little stratigraphic information was gained. However, just to the north, in T 58 ( FGT III ), a sounding revealed a cutting deep into galestra that was stratigraphically lower than the architectural elements of T 59; this cutting was filled in with soil and it was on top of this fill soil that the architectural elements found in T 59 were constructed.

More excavations are necessary to further clarify the findings of T 59.

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Suggested Citation

Katharine R. Kreindler. "KRK VII (2014-08-11):271-274; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 59/2014, ID:676". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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