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Pottery Summary

Note: the area of T9 was excavated in three different areas this season.  Therefore, the loci corresponding to each area will be counted according to the metrical designation of the loci.  For example, loci 1, 2, 3, and 5 correspond to the T9 trenches 10.5-12.5N, 215-218E and 15-13N/14.5-13N, 215-217E.  4, and 6-10 correspond to the T9 trench 5.5-7.5N, 216.5-217E.  Also, considering that loci 1, 2 and wall defining pottery were all in backfill, their numbers will nto be included in the total of the other loci, and their numbers will be combined.

Loci 1-2 and Wall Defining

Total number of sherds: 315

Total number of sherds by fabric:






Locus #5

Total number of sherds: 4

Sherds by Fabric:



100% body fragments


B = Body fragment

R = Rim fragment

BA = Base fragment

H = Handle fragment

Locus #4, 6-10 Totals

Total number of sherds: 689

Total number of sherds by fabric:







Total number of sherds by type:

Body fragments...577...83.8%

Rim fragments...89...13%

Base fragments...14...2%

Handle fragments...8...1.1%

*Conical foot attachment...1...0.1%

Division of numbers by loci and fabric

Locus 4: 216 total: 31.4%

Impasto...174 (155B, 17R, 1BA, 1H)...80.5%

Coarseware...22 (20B, 2R)...10.2%

Bucchero...9 (B)...4.2%

Orangeware...6 (B)...2.8%

Creamware...5 (B)...2.3%

Locus 6: 47 total: 6.9%

Impasto...37 (31B, 4R, 1H, 1 conical foot attachment)...78.7%

Coarseware...9 (2B, 2R, 2BA, 3H)...19%

Orangeware...1 (B)...2.3%

Locus 7: 13 total: 1.9%

Impasto...12 (11B, 1R)...92%

Orangeware...1 (R)...8%

Locus 8: 36 total: 5.3%

Impasto...28 (25B, 2BA, 1R)...77.8%

Coarseware...6 (4B, 2BA)...16.7%

Creamware...2 (1B, 1BA)...5.5%

Locus 9: 189 total: 27.4%

Impasto...162 (128B, 34R)...85.7%

Coarseware...15 (4B, 5R, 3BA, 3H)...8.0%

Bucchero...5 (B)...2.6%

Orangeware...4 (B)...2.1%

Creamware...3 (B)...1.6%

Locus 10: 187 total: 27.1%

Impasto...173 (156B, 15R, 2BA)...92.6%

Coarseware...10 (7B, 2BA, 1R)...5.3%

Orangeware...2 (B)...1.1%

Bucchero...1 (R)...0.5%

Greyware...1 (B)...0.5%

Diagnostic drawings by loci

Locus 4: 17 impasto rims, 2 coarseware rims, 1 impasto base, 1 impasto handle.

Impasto rims:

Coarseware rims:

Impasto base:

Impasto handle:

Locus 6: 4 impasto rims, 1 impasto handle, 2 coarseware rims, 2 coarseware bases, 3 coarseware handles, 1 impasto conical foot attachment.

Impasto rims:

Impasto handle:

Conical foot attachment:

Coarseware handles:

Locus 8: 2 impasto bases, 1 impasto rim, 1 creamware base, 2 coarseware bases.

Locus 9: 34 impasto rims, 5 coarseware rims, 3 coarseware bases, 3 coarseware handles, 3 orangeware rims.

Orangeware rim:

Coarseware rims:

Coarseware handles:

Locus 9 continued

Coarseware bases:

Impasto rims:

Locus 10: 15 impasto rims, 2 impasto bases, 2 coarseware bases, 1 coarseware rim, 1 bucchero rim.

Coarseware bases:

Coarseware rim:

Bucchero rim:

Locus 10 continued

Impasto bases:

Impasto rims:

Loci 1-3, 5 and wall defining : 14.5-13N, 15-13N, 215-217E + 10.5-12.5N, 215-218E.

Unfortunately, most of the pottery pulled from this area is from the 1969-1971 back fill soil, which was obviously not thoroughly sifted, or the importance of the sherds was disregarded.  Therefore, the pottery taken from wall defining and loci 1-2 is completely out of context.  315 sherds were removed from the area, the majority of which were impasto and coarseware, although there was a light occurence of bucchero and orangeware.  A number of diagnostic fragments, mostly rims and a few baes were also recovered, but were discarded along wi the rest, due to the nature of their redistribution.  Locus 3 wad devoid of material, which is the shallow area resting directly on the rock packing.

Locus 5 yielded only four fragments, but offered insight into the packing layer.  Their presence helped confirm the fact that it was not a natural stratum.

Loci 4, 6-10 in 5.5-7.5N, 216.5-219.5E

In this 2x3 area, 689 sherds were recovered, again the majority of which were impasto, with a light occurence of coarseware, and very light occurence of orangeware, bucchero and creamware.

Locus 4 produced roughly 1/3 of the pottery found in the area.  As with the previously excavated meters, a light layer of backfill made up Locus 4, as well as a fairly substantial layer of topsoil.  Since this area of T9 had not been excavated before, the decision was made to keep the diagnostics and record the data along wi the rest of T9 regardless of these circumstances.

Locus 6 was an area introduced as the brown layer resting just below topsoil.  Only 47 fragments were removed, mostly impasto, making it a not terribly significant stratum.

Loci 7 and 8 were the shallow layers of soil resting on the tile spread layer.  The presence of galestra, and the shallow depth most likely help account for the low density of the pottery in this area.

Locus 9 is the tile spread layer and may represent some sort of archaic floor level.  Therefore, the high density of pottery in this area was expected.  The pottery here was high in diagnostics, particularly rims.

Locus 10 represents the rock packing level, so the high density of pottery here was encouraging in that it helped identify the stratum as man-made.  The fragments from this locus were noticably more worn than others.  In some instances the pottery was actually burnt and lay along with some charcoal.  This locus was not exhausted and will be retuned to next year.  Therefore all fragments and not only diagnostics were kept.

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Suggested Citation

Mark A. Wingfield. "MAW II (2001-07-31):61-77; Pottery Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 9/2001, ID:461". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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