Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Layer Date Start 50
Layer Date Start Suffix BC
Layer Date End 200
Layer Date End Suffix AD
Publictation Status Published
Publictation Year 2016
Definition Soil abutting 1320
Formation Process Accumulation
Stratigraphic Reliability Fair
Stratigraphic Unit Type Natural
Elevation Maximum 63.0
Elevation Minimum 63.0
In Elevation Drawing False
Has Photosmodels False
Clay 5.0
Silt 85.0
Sand 10.0
Soil Matrix Granular
Soil Compation Friable
Soil Color Light Brown
Observations Big patch of tufo inclusions (rubble) in center-western part of 1340 near wall 1162; iron hook and lots of charcoal and burnt bone found on the edges of tufo patch. Also found a burnt pine-nut in south- western corner
Position Lower southernwestern corner near 2011 excavation limit
Shape Roughly rectangular with northern projection along wall 1162 and eastern curve around tufo floor
Layer Surface slopes downward toward south and excavation 2011 limit
Layer Inclusion Observations Tufo inclusionson patch with iron hook and slag, lots of charcoal and some burnt bone on eastern side of tufo patch
Layer Thickness Observations decreases in thickness in south western corner of SU
Layer Interface Sharp
Finds Observations Overpainted ware: one has black lozenge pattern. Mosaic tiles (tesserae): one very small blue tessera. Metal: two iron nails. Glass: two tiny pieces. Bone: SU contains six human bones. SU is probably -100 to +100; wares with later end dates contain no datable diagnostics.
Ceramics Observations Sherds generally small and in poor condition; few diagnostics.
Originally Filled Date 2011-06-30
Originally Revised Date 2011-07-13
Originally Entered Date 2011-07-25
Originally PDF Date 2011-07-21
Originally Signed Date 2012-06-28
Record Revised Date 2016-04-26
Interpretation Soil abutting 1320 contained clusters of various types including a tufo rubble pile- esque patch in the western-central area, around which the other deposits were scattered: iron hook, slag and other metal, burnt bone, a pine-nut and charcoal. Additionally there were high frequencies of tile and pottery sherds; the whole SU was bounded by wall SU 1162 and another or several other walls (1317) as well as partially covered the framentary tufo floor to the east which appears to go over one of the walls suggesting multiple occupation layers. This accumulation layer seems to be a mix of debris from various activities.
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Ceramics Class
Amphora (bases count) 2
Amphora (walls count) 36
Amphora (total count) 38
Amphora (weight, kg) 0.768
Amphora (min size) 2.0
Amphora (max size) 9.0
Black Gloss (rims count) 11
Black Gloss (handles count) 1
Black Gloss (bases count) 1
Black Gloss (walls count) 39
Black Gloss (total count) 52
Black Gloss (weight, kg) 0.166
Black Gloss (min size) 1.0
Black Gloss (max size) 6.0
Bucchero (rims count) 1
Bucchero (walls count) 6
Bucchero (total count) 7
Bucchero (weight, kg) 0.018
Bucchero (min size) 1.0
Bucchero (max size) 3.0
Commonware (rims count) 43
Commonware (bases count) 14
Commonware (walls count) 243
Commonware (total count) 300
Commonware (weight, kg) 2.135
Commonware (min size) 1.0
Commonware (max size) 6.0
Creamware (rims count) 4
Creamware (handles count) 1
Creamware (bases count) 1
Creamware (walls count) 92
Creamware (total count) 98
Creamware (weight, kg) 0.41
Creamware (min size) 1.0
Creamware (max size) 6.0
Dolium (walls count) 1
Dolium (total count) 1
Dolium (weight, kg) 0.024
Dolium (max size) 3.0
Impasto (rims count) 1
Impasto (walls count) 11
Impasto (total count) 12
Impasto (weight, kg) 0.096
Impasto (min size) 2.0
Impasto (max size) 4.0
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (rims count) 2
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (walls count) 44
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (total count) 46
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (weight, kg) 0.348
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (min size) 1.0
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (max size) 6.0
Impasto Rosso (rims count) 1
Impasto Rosso (handles count) 1
Impasto Rosso (walls count) 2
Impasto Rosso (total count) 4
Impasto Rosso (weight, kg) 0.034
Impasto Rosso (min size) 2.0
Impasto Rosso (max size) 3.0
Lamp (walls count) 2
Lamp (total count) 2
Lamp (weight, kg) 0.014
Lamp (min size) 2.0
Lamp (max size) 3.0
Overpainted Black Gloss (walls count) 2
Overpainted Black Gloss (total count) 2
Overpainted Black Gloss (weight, kg) 0.001
Overpainted Black Gloss (max size) 2.0
Painted Fineware (rims count) 5
Painted Fineware (bases count) 7
Painted Fineware (walls count) 19
Painted Fineware (total count) 31
Painted Fineware (weight, kg) 0.182
Painted Fineware (min size) 1.0
Painted Fineware (max size) 7.0
Terra Sigillata (walls count) 4
Terra Sigillata (total count) 4
Terra Sigillata (weight, kg) 0.02
Terra Sigillata (min size) 2.0
Terra Sigillata (max size) 5.0
Thin Walled (walls count) 8
Thin Walled (total count) 8
Thin Walled (weight, kg) 0.01
Thin Walled (min size) 2.0
Thin Walled (max size) 3.0
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Anthropic Soil Inclusions
  • Metal, Rare
  • Tiles, Frequent
  • Amphorae, Rare
  • Mosaic Tile, Rare
  • Mortar, Frequent
  • Glass, Rare
  • Nails, Rare
  • Slag, Rare
  • Painted Plaster, Medium
  • Pottery
Geologic Soil Inclusions
  • Tufo, Frequent
  • Limestone, Rare
Organic Soil Inclusions
  • Charcoal, Frequent
  • Animal Bones, Frequent
  • Shells, Rare
  • Animal Teeth, Medium
  • Other
Anthropic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 265]
    Class: Metal, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    metal iron hook
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 1992]
    Class: Tiles, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2309]
    Class: Amphorae, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2576]
    Class: Mosaic Tile, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2712]
    Class: Mortar, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2979]
    Class: Glass, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3167]
    Class: Nails, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3350]
    Class: Slag, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3593]
    Class: Painted Plaster, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 8030]
    Class: Pottery, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Geologic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3938]
    Class: Tufo, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 4578]
    Class: Limestone, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Organic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 5632]
    Class: Charcoal, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 6539]
    Class: Animal Bones, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 6900]
    Class: Shells, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7408]
    Class: Animal Teeth, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7507]
    Class: Other, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    burnt bone
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7513]
    Class: Other, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    burnt pine-nut
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato. "Unit 1340 from Italy/Gabii/Area B". (2017) In The Gabii Project. Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato (Eds.) . Released: 2017-06-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/subjects/c46f1540-29d8-402c-af90-24dca016e98b>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

The Gabii Project

Mapping Data

Copyright License

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