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Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Ceramics Class
Layer Date Start 675
Layer Date Start Suffix BC
Layer Date End 0
Layer Date End Suffix AD
Plaster (count) 9
Charcoal (count) 1
Publictation Status Published
Publictation Year 2016
Definition Roof tile collapse in room 5
Formation Process Collapse
Plaster (details) 2016 edit: 6 fragments retained as samples; remainder discarded (degratded).
Layer Date Observations -no signature of sorter > slightly sketchy reliability that someone should check over
Stratigraphic Reliability Good
Stratigraphic Unit Type Anthropic
Elevation Maximum 63.0
Elevation Minimum 63.0
In Elevation Drawing False
Has Photosmodels False
Clay 25.0
Silt 75.0
Soil Matrix Cohesive
Soil Compation Compact
Soil Color Other_2
Soil Color (Other) dark brown
Observations Soil especially below tiles quite loose. Excavated with trowels and occasional pick usage. Same soil fills round cut and curving cut into bedrock in NE area of room 5. Special find 213 (terracotta with figures) and 214 (small worked bone)
Position W end of excavated part of area B
Shape irregular
Layer Surface slopes to the S; rocks on E side; tiles throughout the rest
Layer Inclusion Observations Rocks on E side removed to reveal more tiles; tegula and imbrices distributed evenly throughout; mostly oriented flat with bottom side down.
Layer Thickness Observations uniform except for fillinf round cut and curving cut in bedrock beneath
Layer Interface Sharp
Finds Observations commonware: orange slip covers 2 rims; several rims link up; some inclusions; orange fabric; lamp: black gloss July 2015: Total tile: 7.315kg; only kept diagnostic or sample fabrics, kept 5.795kg July 2016: Discarded another 8.34 kg of roof tile. Retained diagnostic and fabric samples.
Originally Filled Date 2010-07-26
Originally Revised Date 2010-07-27
Originally Entered Date 2010-11-09
Originally PDF Date 2010-07-28
Record Revised Date 2016-07-28
Interpretation This layer, filled with broken roof tiles intermixed with painted plaster and soil probably represents either a collapse layer or a dump site for tile. Large amounts of broken tile (tegulae and imbrices) were found throughout the layer varying in size from very small to just smaller than the size of a cassetta. A significant amount of rubble was alos present, distributed throughout the layer. Underlying the west end of the layer is a section of well preserved crushed tufo floow; unerlying the east end is bedrock. Underlying the center of the layer, where the tiles were most heavily concentrated, only a poorly preserved preparation layer for the tufo floor is present. This same layer fills the round cut and the curving cut in the bedrock in the NE area of the room (room 5).
Amphora (walls count) 2
Amphora (total count) 2
Black Gloss (rims count) 5
Black Gloss (bases count) 2
Black Gloss (walls count) 12
Black Gloss (total count) 19
Bucchero (walls count) 1
Bucchero (total count) 1
Commonware (rims count) 13
Commonware (bases count) 1
Commonware (walls count) 16
Commonware (total count) 30
Creamware (walls count) 5
Creamware (total count) 5
Etrusco-corinthian (handles count) 1
Etrusco-corinthian (walls count) 1
Etrusco-corinthian (total count) 2
Impasto (rims count) 6
Impasto (walls count) 18
Impasto (total count) 24
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (walls count) 2
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (total count) 2
Impasto Rosso (total count) 9
Lamp (walls count) 1
Lamp (total count) 1
Tegula (total count) 8
2672
7123
7124
7125
7126
7127
7128
7129
13767
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Botany Flotation Volume 20.0
Descriptive Attribute Value(s)
Anthropic Soil Inclusions
  • Tiles, Frequent
  • Coins, Rare
  • Painted Plaster, Medium
  • Pottery
Geologic Soil Inclusions Tufo
Organic Soil Inclusions
  • Charcoal, Rare
  • Animal Bones, Medium
Anthropic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 1977]
    Class: Tiles, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2777]
    Class: Coins, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3590]
    Class: Painted Plaster, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7926]
    Class: Pottery, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Geologic Soil Inclusion Details
Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 8447]
Class: Tufo, Frequency: [Not recorded]
Soil Inclusion Details
[No details]
Organic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 5335]
    Class: Charcoal, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 6680]
    Class: Animal Bones, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Suggested Citation

Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato. (2017) "Unit 1242 from Europe/Italy/Gabii/Area B". In The Gabii Project. Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato (Ed). Released: 2017-06-04. Open Context. <https://opencontext.org/subjects/4d680e71-b622-42eb-9577-bd0eec2a8251> ARK (Archive): https://n2t.net/ark:/28722/k28k7jm66

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