Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Layer Date Start 900
Layer Date Start Suffix BC
Layer Date End 200
Layer Date End Suffix AD
Publictation Status Published
Publictation Year 2016
Definition Square layer of rubble
Formation Process Intentional Deposition
Layer Date Observations impasto is relatively infrequent and occasionally decorated in late, bucchero-like style, suggesting a later start date.
Stratigraphic Reliability Good
Stratigraphic Unit Type Anthropic
Elevation Maximum 63.0
Elevation Minimum 63.0
In Elevation Drawing False
Has Photosmodels False
Clay 10.0
Silt 85.0
Sand 5.0
Soil Matrix Granular
Soil Compation Friable
Soil Color Brown
Observations The rocky fill was clearly distinguishable after the removal of some silty topsoil (SU1327) and is also characteristic because of some reddish tufo inclusions.
Position South center in Area B 2011
Shape almost square
Layer Surface no slope, visible inclusions: rocks up to 25 cm, reddish tufo fragments
Layer Inclusion Observations no cluster, basalt pavament stone
Layer Thickness Observations stays the same, about 0.3 cm
Layer Interface Sharp
Non-Soil Sample Size biggest piece 2cm
Non-Soil Sample Type Charcoal
Finds Observations commonware: 5 lid fragments 1 partial spout; black gloss: gloss colors black, brown, dark red 1 base fragment with garland stamp; thin walled: 1 rim and 2 walls with incised and applied waves or spiral pattern; overpainted black gloss: swipes of paint preserved; painted fineware: 1 wall with buff fabric and a red-orange paint, poss. Italo-geometric; impasto chiaro sabbioso: 1 wall with red stripes; impasto: 1 wall with dark brown burnishing and impressed fan decoration; italo megarian: rosette surrounded by rays deocration; fineware: 1 rim and partial handle of a thin-nekced mini pouring vessel; bone: various and some teeth; bronze: small tack head; iron: 2 nail fragments, 1 slag; glass: small white opaque fragment; plaster: 2 small fragments 1 with red paint 1 large fragment with flat surface; tegula: non-diagnostic thrown
Originally Filled Date 2011-07-13
Originally Revised Date 2011-07-20
Originally Entered Date 2011-07-26
Originally PDF Date 2011-07-21
Record Revised Date 2016-04-26
Interpretation

Fill within the walls of the room adjacent to room 1, consists of a large amount of tufo and basalt debris in a sandy, reddish brown soil. The fill contains little pottery and might in its upper part still be contaminated with soil from SU 1327. Fill of a robbing activity? Or dump of quarry material? Some of the blocks we found were clearly quarried blocks from site but they did not seem to resemble collapse from the wall.


Author:
Claudia Melisch

Interpretation Author Claudia Melisch
Interpretation Date 2012-07-26
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Ceramics Class
Amphora (rims count) 1
Amphora (walls count) 80
Amphora (total count) 82
Black Gloss (rims count) 7
Black Gloss (bases count) 3
Black Gloss (walls count) 17
Black Gloss (total count) 27
Bucchero (walls count) 7
Bucchero (total count) 8
Commonware (rims count) 39
Commonware (handles count) 5
Commonware (bases count) 11
Commonware (walls count) 116
Commonware (total count) 171
Creamware (rims count) 1
Creamware (handles count) 6
Creamware (bases count) 1
Creamware (walls count) 48
Creamware (total count) 56
Fineware (rims count) 9
Fineware (handles count) 2
Fineware (bases count) 5
Fineware (walls count) 61
Fineware (total count) 68
Impasto (rims count) 1
Impasto (bases count) 2
Impasto (walls count) 28
Impasto (total count) 31
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (walls count) 9
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (total count) 9
Internal Slip Ware (walls count) 2
Internal Slip Ware (total count) 3
Italo Megarian (walls count) 1
Italo Megarian (total count) 1
Lamp (total count) 4
Large Storage Container (rims count) 1
Large Storage Container (walls count) 1
Large Storage Container (total count) 2
Overpainted Black Gloss (walls count) 1
Overpainted Black Gloss (total count) 1
Painted Creamware (walls count) 1
Painted Creamware (total count) 1
Painted Fineware (walls count) 8
Painted Fineware (total count) 8
Roman Red Slip (walls count) 1
Roman Red Slip (total count) 1
Tegula (total count) 14
Terra Sigillata (walls count) 1
Terra Sigillata (total count) 1
Thin Walled (rims count) 9
Thin Walled (bases count) 3
Thin Walled (walls count) 34
Thin Walled (total count) 46
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Anthropic Soil Inclusions
  • Tiles, Medium
  • Amphorae, Medium
  • Slag, Rare
  • Painted Plaster, Rare
  • Pottery
Geologic Soil Inclusions
  • Tufo, Frequent
  • Travertine, Rare
  • Basalt, Frequent
Organic Soil Inclusions
  • Animal Bones, Medium
  • Animal Teeth, Rare
Anthropic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2193]
    Class: Tiles, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2400]
    Class: Amphorae, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3349]
    Class: Slag, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3527]
    Class: Painted Plaster, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 8034]
    Class: Pottery, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Geologic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3942]
    Class: Tufo, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 4311]
    Class: Travertine, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 4772]
    Class: Basalt, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Organic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 6701]
    Class: Animal Bones, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7137]
    Class: Animal Teeth, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato. "Unit 1386 from Italy/Gabii/Area B". (2017) In The Gabii Project. Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato (Eds.) . Released: 2017-06-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/subjects/321b8a74-9782-450b-93e2-82d963cb2f8f>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

The Gabii Project

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)