Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Layer Date Start 900
Layer Date Start Suffix BC
Layer Date End 400
Layer Date End Suffix BC
Publictation Status Published
Publictation Year 2016
Definition Soil in room 2
Formation Process Intentional Deposition
Stratigraphic Reliability Good
Stratigraphic Unit Type Anthropic
Elevation Maximum 63.0
Elevation Minimum 63.0
In Elevation Drawing False
Has Photosmodels False
Clay 15.0
Silt 80.0
Sand 5.0
Soil Matrix Granular
Soil Compation Friable
Soil Color Light Brown
Observations Grave cut along the northern limit and three adjacent semicircular cuts abutting the western wall.
Position Central in area B 2011, central to north-east of house.
Shape square
Layer Surface mostly flat, averaging an inch below northern tufo floor sections. Very slight slope to south.
Layer Inclusion Observations Sparse inclusions of rock and tile. Northern portion has crushed tufo floor.
Layer Interface Sharp
Non-Soil Sample Type Charcoal
Finds Observations Approximate dating of layer from -900 to -400 based on the low quality of commonware and the abundance of early ceramic classes. Black gloss is likely intrusive.
Ceramics Observations Apart from dolium, most sherds are small and few are diagnostic.
Originally PDF Date 2011-03-08
Originally Signed Date 2012-07-02
Record Revised Date 2016-04-26
Interpretation Remains of later tufo floor visible at surface , evidence of earlier tufo floor visible in section provided by later drainage cut along eastern perimeter. Bordered on east, south and west by walls of cut tufo block, on north by opus mixtum wall. Eastern wall appears to be set into soil, could indicate leveling of room 2, which has no visible slope. 3 western cuts and northern grave cut might show later activity in area. Rubble along eastern wall may relate to the wall itself. SU 1399 is intentional deposit above an earlier clay floor (SU 1462). Large boulders near the wall help support this. It was deposited in order to raise the floor level and construct the tufo floor.
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Ceramics Class
Amphora (walls count) 2
Amphora (total count) 2
Amphora (weight, kg) 0.04
Amphora (min size) 4.0
Amphora (max size) 5.0
Black Gloss (walls count) 3
Black Gloss (total count) 3
Black Gloss (weight, kg) 0.018
Black Gloss (min size) 2.0
Black Gloss (max size) 5.0
Bucchero (rims count) 1
Bucchero (walls count) 6
Bucchero (total count) 7
Bucchero (weight, kg) 0.04
Bucchero (min size) 2.0
Bucchero (max size) 5.0
Buccheroid Impasto (walls count) 2
Buccheroid Impasto (total count) 2
Buccheroid Impasto (weight, kg) 0.012
Buccheroid Impasto (min size) 3.0
Buccheroid Impasto (max size) 3.0
Commonware (rims count) 14
Commonware (bases count) 2
Commonware (walls count) 54
Commonware (total count) 70
Commonware (weight, kg) 1.17
Commonware (min size) 2.0
Commonware (max size) 10.0
Dolium (walls count) 10
Dolium (total count) 10
Dolium (weight, kg) 2.36
Dolium (min size) 5.0
Dolium (max size) 10.0
Fineware (walls count) 2
Fineware (total count) 2
Fineware (weight, kg) 0.006
Fineware (min size) 2.0
Fineware (max size) 3.0
Impasto (rims count) 18
Impasto (handles count) 2
Impasto (bases count) 2
Impasto (walls count) 94
Impasto (total count) 116
Impasto (weight, kg) 1.99
Impasto (min size) 2.0
Impasto (max size) 9.0
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (walls count) 2
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (total count) 2
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (weight, kg) 0.032
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (min size) 3.0
Impasto Chiaro Sabbioso (max size) 5.0
Impasto Rosso (walls count) 20
Impasto Rosso (total count) 20
Impasto Rosso (weight, kg) 0.414
Impasto Rosso (min size) 3.0
Impasto Rosso (max size) 7.0
Painted Commonware (walls count) 2
Painted Commonware (total count) 2
Painted Commonware (weight, kg) 0.008
Painted Commonware (min size) 3.0
Painted Commonware (max size) 3.0
Painted Fineware (walls count) 2
Painted Fineware (total count) 2
Painted Fineware (weight, kg) 0.008
Painted Fineware (min size) 3.0
Painted Fineware (max size) 3.0
Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Anthropic Soil Inclusions
  • Tiles, Medium
  • Slag
  • Amphorae, Medium
  • Dolia, Rare
  • Metal
  • Pottery
Geologic Soil Inclusions
  • Tufo, Frequent
  • Basalt, Rare
Organic Soil Inclusions
  • Charcoal, Rare
  • Animal Bones, Medium
  • Animal Teeth, Rare
Anthropic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2208]
    Class: Tiles, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 8359]
    Class: Slag, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2402]
    Class: Amphorae, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 2481]
    Class: Dolia, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7468]
    Class: Metal, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    Pin
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 8082]
    Class: Pottery, Frequency: [Not recorded]
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Geologic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 3956]
    Class: Tufo, Frequency: Frequent
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 4666]
    Class: Basalt, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Organic Soil Inclusion Details
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 5383]
    Class: Charcoal, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 6711]
    Class: Animal Bones, Frequency: Medium
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
  • Soil Inclusion Class and Frequency [Record: 7154]
    Class: Animal Teeth, Frequency: Rare
    Soil Inclusion Details
    [No details]
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
Editorial Note

Open Context editors work with data contributors to annotate datasets to shared vocabularies, ontologies, and other standards using 'Linked Open Data' (LOD) methods.

The annotations presented above approximate some of the meaning in this contributed data record to concepts defined in shared standards. These annotations are provided to help make datasets easier to understand and use with other datasets.

Suggested Citation

Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato. "Unit 1399 from Italy/Gabii/Area B". (2017) In The Gabii Project. Rachel Opitz, Marcello Mogetta, Nicola Terrenato (Eds.) . Released: 2017-06-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/subjects/27a0bdda-48e4-4876-9ac3-d61015f871e6>

Editorial Status

●●●○○
Managing editor reviewed

Part of Project

The Gabii Project

Mapping Data

Copyright License

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