Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Hodder Level Designation(s) TRENCH 1.CHALCOLITHIC
Recording Fully recorded
Year 2003
Description Flot #2, >4mm, 100% sorted, diagnostics only A rich unit from the building fill in space 224. A cluster of objects were X-finded including a spectacular antler knife handle with a fragment of the obsidian blade still hafted. The unit is full of extraordinarily unfragmented bone including what appears to have been complete or almost complete radii, ulnas and scapulas of caprines. Some of these bones are very similar in size and are probably from the same arm, but since this is not certain they are not coded as articulated. Left is more common then right especially among the large fragments, but right limbs do occur. Most of the lower limb is well represented, not quite as large or as frequent as the upper limb. However there is a striking absence of metatarsals despite the large number of metacarpals. They seem to have been deliberately removed. Most of the material is very fresh looking and the larger pieces especially are very light brown/white. There is almost no gnawing or digestion and about 5% low temperature burning. There are a few cases of articulated toes and long bones and unfused epiphysis suggesting little post-depositional movement of the bone. Fragment size is large not only because of the large pieces but because of the relative rarity of 1 and 2 cm pieces. Altogether the material appears to have been deposited over a short period of time, perhaps all together, and rapidly buried. Taxa are primarily sheep but there are also fragments of goat, cattle, dog, turtle and the (possibly articulated?) right arm of a small mustelid (which could be intrusive). Additionally, there is the fragment of very young ulna, which is probably pig and a piece of burnt antler. The sheep appear to be more mature animals then in the 100% sheep units such as 9023/26. The axial skeleton is well represented. Some of the vertebrae are split longitudinally and some are whole, but many are fragmented post-depositionally. The whole spine is present but thoracic seem underrepresented - perhaps more fragmented? The unit is not quite a midden, since it did not accumulate slowly and was not reworked or mixed, however it is both butchery and post-consumption waste. The distribution is midden like except for the fact that everything appears rapidly buried and not worked over by trampling or dogs. The carcasses are perhaps broken for bone marrow, but little other processing is visible. The flot sample is very light to medium brown with about 5-% low temperature burning. Many of the breaks are modern and old breaks are sharp edged and untrampled. There is little evidence of trampling, rolling or other wear and no digested bone. Like the dry sieve it is dense fill, which appears to be largely undisturbed post-depositionally. Diagnostic bones include cattle and sheep. Three bird bones were pulled for further analysis. 3 human bones were recorded and sent to human bone lab. Last Number = F.368
Recorded By (initials) SAF
Recorded By (name) Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2004-07-27
Note
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame. "Unit 9030 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/subjects/FB08089D-88C6-4F9E-5A84-7009B2552F0C> ARK (Archive): https://n2t.net/ark:/28722/k2k64b41w

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