Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Hodder Level Designation(s) TRENCH 5.CHALCOLITHIC
Recording Fully recorded
Year 2011
Description F1 and F6 taken for radiocarbon - DCO 07/08/2011. This is a cluster from within (15363), in space 453. It was identified as a strange bulge or dome of plaster in one corner of the space, presumed to be some kind of installation. Beneath the plaster layer, embedded in compact sediment, were some unusual bone finds, hence the designation as a cluster. X1 is a pair of complete domestic horn cores, along with just enough of the frontals to hold them together. Although there is no sign of sawing or chopping around the horn bases, they do seem to have been trimmed down to size quite deliberately. Interestingly, this is exactly the same as seen for the paired sheep horn cores found in the overlying fill, albeit in a different corner of the space - 15335.X20. This would seem to imply that in both cases the horn cores represent more than just horn-working waste, and they may have had some kind of decorative function. F1-5 are an articulated (in situ) set of caprine lumbar vertebrae, remarkably intact. There are only really four vertebrae present, plus the cranial epiphysis for the next. F6-10 are another set of vertebrae - this time probably equid cervicals and first thoracic - plus a rib piece which looked articulated in situ, although the head has not survived. The rest of the unit probably just represents background noise, and should be compared with the parent unit (15363) when that becomes available. It is dominated by rib and long bone fragments, but with a large sheep horn core base, a distal sheep metacarpal burnt and broken at the midshaft, a heavily abraded sheep scapula articulation, some sheep-sized cranial pieces, and a caprine unfused distal tibia. The appearance, fragmentation, and surface condition of this fraction of the unit is extremely variable, supporting the idea that much of it is not related to the major finds.
Recorded By (initials) DCO
Recorded By (name) David Orton
Date Recorded 2011-07-31
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

David Orton. "Unit 15365 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 5". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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