Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Recording Fully recorded
Year 1998
Description This FUD is not complete at the end of the 98 season - needs to be amended as more material has been coming in. A small to medium sized unit, which was received in two batches some weeks apart. Most bone in the first bags was from sheep-sized animals, except for two phalanges, one proximal tibia, some vertebral fragments, and one distal humerus. it is unusual to have so few large animal long bone pieces. There are several parts (femur, forearm, cranial fragment, part of pelvis) of a very young sheep-sized animal, which may possibly be from the same individual. There are several cervical vertebrae from a sheep-sized animal, and one small canid atlas. The bone is generally rather more weathered than usually seen. There is a whitish-grey concretion over many of the bone surfaces, and relatively little of the more common manganese staining we see in other units (from East mound). There are very few modern breaks; this is probably because the unit was already broken into small pieces as it lay exposed and trampled before being deposited. Very few pieces are over 4 cm in length. The infantile/juvenile bones, however, are relatively complete, which indicates rapid deposition for these pieces, in contrast to the other bones in the unit. Also, a few bones are burnt; thus the material was probably from diverse sources, rather than having a common origin in either event or location. The second bag, which was much smaller, did contain large animal long bones; in fact, it was dominated by these bones, along with a few sheep-sized ribs and some cranial fragments. The numbers for the second bag begin at 143. This constitutes the lower part of the pit; the upper part is 2910. 2959 differs from 2910 in that it has less large mammal, and more intact long bones among the juvenile sheep-sized animals. Small point from sample 4 >4mm flotation. Flot sample 4 (1546), >4mm, 100% sorted, diagnostics only. The flot sample is relatively dense material ranging from light to medium brown. It is between 5 and 10% burnt with a small amount of digestion. The greyish surface noted in the description of the dry sieved material is not evident in the flot sample. The identifiable bones are all sheep goat as is typical for the west mound. One bird bone has been recorded, and pulled for identification at Cornell. There are also a number of fish bones that have been pulled for further research. Flot sample 2 (1514), >4mm 100% sorted, diagnostics only. Similar to the previous flot sample, but with one cow and one deciduous dog tooth to add to the taxa list. Overall there are a large number of diagnostics in the two flot samples. They appear to be pit or dense fill material, certainly not rolled or trampled and with good preservation. Last Number = F374 F136 sampled for stable isotopes - CM/DCO 2010.
Recorded By (initials) sm, SAF
Recorded By (name) Stephanie Meese, Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2006-06-28
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame, Stephanie Meese. "Unit 2959 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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