Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Hodder Level Designation(s) TRENCH 1.CHALCOLITHIC
Recording Fully recorded
Year 2003
Description Flot. # 1, >4mm, 100% sorted, diagnostics only A medium size unit of light to medium brown bone. This is a dump unit with large fragment size and fairly rapid burial, but seems to represent multiple events. The bone is quite fresh looking with a small amount of trample polish and no rolling or abrasion. There is about 5% burning, mainly of small long bone fragments. There is a moderate amount of digestion especially in the phalanx and some heavy gnawing. There are few complete first phalanges and many of the second phalanx are chewed or digested. It seems that at least some of the material was worked over by dogs, before deposition. Taxa include sheep, which make up most of the diagnostics, wild goat, cattle, dog, pig and turtle. Deer are represented by antler fragments, which may or may not have been collected. The axial skeleton is present with large amounts of scapula and some pelvis. The rib and vertebra, particularly the vertebra are highly fragmented. However, long bone fragments predominate in the scrap and included 07 as well as 03 size shaft fragments. Element distribution of the sheep shows the complete skeleton including fore and hind limb. The forelimb bones seem less fragmented than the hind limb(?) There are three left scapulae, at least two of which were whole in the ground and one of which has a modern break and cannot be reconstructed. There is one fragment of a right scapula that has prehistoric breaks. Teeth and feet as always are very common, but are not as overwhelmingly represented in the diagnostics. The material looks like a very dense fill/dump. The bone has been heavily processed and somewhat worked over by carnivores, but has not been redeposited or reused. The material is post-butchery and post-consumption mix. One large bird bone and two worked bone fragments were pulled for further analysis. The flot sample is largely 1 cm fragments of medium brown bone. There is 5-10% low temperature burning. Despite the evidence for gnawing in the dry sieve there is little digestion in the flot sample. The material is largely medium weathering with no trampling or rolling. It is not very dense which is probably related to the large fragment size and minimal breakage in the dry sieved, which does not produce a high volume of little fragments. The impression is of somewhat mixed material but not redeposited. The diagnostics include sheep-goat, cattle and dog. Last Number = F.271
Recorded By (initials) SAF
Recorded By (name) Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2004-08-10
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame. "Unit 9024 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

Editorial Status


Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)