Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Recording Fully recorded
Year 1998
Description Flot Sample 2 (1485), 3 (1517) and 4 (1514), all 100% sorted (described separately below). This is a layer from the ECII pit dug in 1998 (analyzed in 2001). The dry sieve is almost entirely large mammal bones or almost complete sheep size bones. The three flot samples are entirely different and have lots of fragments of sheep size animals. I suspect there was some problem with the initial dry sieving and as a result the medium and small size animals will be underrepresented. Unfortunately this is one of the few ECII contexts - so these animals may be underrepresented in that phase. Despite this there does seem to be a much higher percentage of large mammals and larger fragment size in these pits than in the earlier fill/midden samples. Much of this variation is contextual, but some may be chronological. There is a fair amount of burnt bone, most of it carbonized, samples 3 and 4 have a much higher percentage of burning than sample 2. In general the bone is slightly or moderately weathered with only a few more heavily weathered bones. In this layer of the pit we do not see the salt encrustation and cracking noted in 2910 (the upper layer of the pit). Sample 2 (1485) is almost entirely 03 size fragments supporting the idea that many of these bones were missed in the dry sieve. There is one unfused cattle ulna. All the other diagnostics are sheep/goat. The bones are light to medium brown with less than 5% burning and no digestion. The edges are sharp and do not appear to have been rolled or trampled much. Element distribution seems mainly long bone with a few teeth and feet. Overall it seems post-consumption waste. A small bag of microfauna bones was removed from sample 2 for further study. Sample 3 (1517) is entirely 03 and 02 size bones. About a quarter of the bones are burnt - much more than in the other samples. The fragment size is also much smaller in this sample - probably due to the fragility of the burnt bone. The only diagnostics are a sheep/goat ulna and two phalange fragments. The sample was completely recorded. Sample 4 (1514) is dominated by young 03 vertebra fragments and long bone fragments. The vertebra may be from the same animal. There is one 07 long bone fragment. There are a small number of very young sheep/goat foot and long bone fragments as well. The fragment size is smaller in this sample than in the other two - perhaps due to the high number of fragile infant bones. There is much less burning than in sample 3 - between 5 and 10%. There is only one digested bone and in general the edges are sharp and do not appear to have been trampled or moved about. Last Number = F155 F86 sampled for stable isotopes (CM/DCO 2010).
Recorded By (initials) SAF
Recorded By (name) Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2006-06-28
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame. "Unit 2911 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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