Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Hodder Level Designation(s) TRENCH 1.CHALCOLITHIC
Recording Fully recorded
Year 2003
Description Flot #2, >4 mm, 100% sorted. Diagnostics only This unit appears to be slightly mixed fill with the inclusion of several specialized deposits. These will be discussed after a general discussion of the unit. The unit is very similar to 9023 although it is described as floor makeup and 9023 is described as building fill. The unit is a medium sized unit with light to medium brown bone. There is a small amount of burning and a quite a bit of digestion. Some of the edges are rolled but many are sharp and fragment size is 2-3 cm not 1-2 cm. There is some trample polish and a few bones with root damage. Most of the diagnostic bones are the fragmented ends of long bones or foot bones, with the exception of a number of complete or almost complete bones from the left forelimb of several sheep and goats. Apart from this over representation of left forelimbs the element distribution is even throughout the body including all parts of the axial skeleton. There are several fragments and one almost complete hyoid indicating good preservation. The forelimb dominates even among the fragments. All of the identifiable bone, apart from one antler fragment and a Bos fragment are caprid. Overall the material appears to be slightly mixed building full, much of it secondary deposition. This is particularly suggested by the large amount of digested bone juxtaposed with the untouched left forelimbs. Originally it was probably a mix of post-butchery, with some post-consumption deposit and a lot of dog poo, which was used to fill in the building space. Amongst this fill there appears to be the deliberate deposit of the left forelimbs of several sheep and goat. Three complete left scapula, (two sheep and one goat) and a complete, unfused left radius of a sheep were X-finded by the excavator. One almost complete left humerus with modern breaks was found in the dry sieved material, as well as the epiphysis for the x-finded radius. These bones are almost white, unburnt and distinct from the rest of material. This appears to be part of the same specialized deposits of left forelimbs of sheep and goat that continues in 9023. Several microfauna bones were pulled for separate analysis including one femur with possible human gnaw marks. The flot sample is made up of very small fragments mainly with old breaks. There is less then 5% burning and surprisingly little digestion considering the large amount in the dry sieve. Otherwise it is consistent with the dry sieve - although the fragment size of the flot sample is very small with nothing over 2 cm. This may be the result of larger pieces having been picked out by hand. The diagnostics are sheep/goat teeth and feet. There was one caprid tarsal with advanced arthritic damage. A few microfauna bones were pulled including a row of small reptile vertebrae. Last Number = F.209
Recorded By (initials) SAF
Recorded By (name) Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2004-07-18
Note
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame. "Unit 9016 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/subjects/2B8A6EE1-6E25-4DB2-81A4-5B7E8E746AE4> ARK (Archive): https://n2t.net/ark:/28722/k2bn9xd45

Editorial Status

●●●●●
Peer-reviewed

Mapping Data

Copyright License

Attribution 4.0

To the extent to which copyright applies, this content carries the above license. Follow the link to understand specific permissions and requirements.
Required Attribution: Citation and reference of URIs (hyperlinks)