Open Context

Descriptive Variable Value(s)
Recording Fully recorded
Year 1998
Description This unit was received in two batches some weeks apart - therefore the numbering is disjointed. It is from West mound, near the potstand cache. The first bag was a small collection, with only sheep-sized bone: two astragali, some skull fragments, a juvenile femur, a tooth, a shoulder blade fragment, and some long bone pieces. The bones were covered in the same dusty greyish-white accretion as other West units; weathering was somewhat variable, but generally the bones are not particularly fresh, with some worn edges indicating movement against material before being finally deposited. The second bag completed this medium-sized unit. Most of the bones were from sheep-sized animals; the few cattle bones present (carpals, ulna; not prime meat-bearing bones) were from extremely small animals. This contrasts greatly with East mound cattle, which are very large. More sheep-sized ribs were present, and in longer fragments, than usual. A delicate hyoid bone was preserved to 5 cm. These large fragment sizes indicate that the bones were not roughly treated (for example, swept across surfaces, piled up, walked over, etc.) before being deposited. There was a higher than usual proportion of carpals/tarsals/metapodials, especially compared to the near-absence of identifiable long bones (only two proximal femur epiphyses, two proximal cattle ulnae, and one proximal radius). There were, however, many long bone shaft fragments, mostly with spiral breakage. This is an indicator of intensive processing of the bones to extract all possible edible products. One human phalanx was included in the unit; perhaps pathological, it has a very unusual shape and appearance, and has been passed to the human bone lab for further study. {Removed references to pathological astragalus, which is just battered. -NR 2001} Sample 1 (1524) is light to medium brown with 10-15% burning. There is a tiny amount of digestion, and no trampling or wear polish. It is more pit like than fill, it is definitely not occupation surface. The diagnostics are primarily caprine, but there is also one complete Bos malleolus. Last Number = F108 F100 sampled for stable isotopes (CM/DCO 2010)
Recorded By (initials) sm, SAF
Recorded By (name) Stephanie Meese, Sheelagh Frame
Date Recorded 2006-06-28
The unique identifier for each contextual unit, matching those used in the central Çatalhöyük excavation database and in publications. The excavation uses single-context recording.

Suggested Citation

Sheelagh Frame, Stephanie Meese. "Unit 2958 from Turkey/Çatalhöyük/Mound West/Trench 1". (2013) In Çatalhöyük Zooarchaeology. David Orton, Nerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Louise Martin, Sheelagh Frame (Eds.) . Released: 2013-08-16. Open Context. <> ARK (Archive):

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