|Title||Ivory Ram Statuette|
|Photo Type||Cataloged Artifact|
|Description||Small ivory statuette of kneeling ram has flat, rectangular bottom with rounded corners, slightly narrower (possibly due to chipped surface) in back than in front. Bottom has small, round hole in approximate center - where surface of hole is rough and does not extend through entire piece; bottom also has lightly incised decoration - a band set on each long side: on left side 13 large V-shapes with points on interior side and touching a single longitudinal incision; on right side a single row of slightly overlapping, lop-sided V-shapes (13) with points touching edge of base, and open ends joined by a single longitdinal incision. Bottom forms a low plinth for statuette - figure of ram with erect head and unnaturally kneeling legs. Body is rounded, bean-shaped section with limbs and head added or superimposed on it: hind legs consist of flat-sided, tear-shaped sections with rounded tops raised slightly above curve of rump, and with surfaces of back sides merged into back contours of rump. Upper legs continue to form sharp angles at extreme back bottom corners of piece, and lower legs are slightly rounded rectangular sections extending to middle of body from back joints - surfaces are tapered and rounded to indicate ankles and tips of pointed hooves, and notched on bottom sides between the two to indicate backs of hooves. Forelegs are round, flat-sided areas below horns, extended into square elbows, and then into thin rectangular sections which slope slightly down toward front and there form thin, blunt pointed joints approximately below the tip of the face (right side joint possibly chipped); from joints, another rectangular section extends backward almost to tips of hind hooves - these are tapered in centers for joints, and rounded at tips for hooves, with a notch just below elbows, on upper surface of lower rectangles, to indicate again the backs of hooves. In front the thin, vertical pointed center sections of legs are three-dimensional, extending beyond level of chest to end of base. In back the leg areas are separated from rump by long triangular notches and pointed, elliptical end of body has two thinner, vertical notches which create a raised ridge suggesting a vertical tail. Chest is rounded, pointed end of the bean-shape of body, with neck only a slight construction of the material above it. Head is thick, oval shape with blunt end, triangular and flat at top for nose, and grooved below to indicate horizontal mouth. On sides, mouth-groove slants slightly upward, and chin appears as thin, rounded slightly downward curving section at bottom tip of face. Eyes are very large, squat triangular shapes with raised centers set in deep grooves of same shape. Viewed from top the eye sockets form deep depressions from which emerge front corners of face suggesting puffy upper lips. Nose is rounded ridge extending over area of eyes from rounded forehead. Behind forehead top of head slants backward and is slightly flatter; on both sides of back of head are horns, round, inward-curving, flat-sided areas with top and back edges raised above level of head and thin neck. Statuette also has incised decoration: on center of back (spine): a single row of chevron-shaped incisions set between two thin longitudinal incisions on each side of center runs from level of bottom back of horns to tail section, although smoothed and worn between level of haunches and tail. Sides of body between legs also incised: a set of three vertical strokes, ends of which touch inner verticals - design is same, but smaller and rougher on right side. (See minor incised patterns on lower part of duck statuette 19710281).|
|Property or Relation||Value(s)|
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