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The excavation of CA 64 during the 2010 season can be viewed as somewhat successful overall. Though CA 64 still failed to confirm distinct habitation in the Civitate A area, the presence of Iron Age, or Villanovan, material, such as coil made pottery ( 20100041 and others) and evidence of stone tool working ( 20100027 and others) shows that there certainly was activity there during the Villanovan period. Furthermore, the presence of wheel thrown pottery, and even Medieval pottery, shows that this area continued to see activity beyond the Villanovan period.

CA 64 did not reveal any new information about the metal roasting pits in the area. Several pieces of slag were recovered, which can support metal working in the vicinity, but CA 64 had no stratigraphical indication of metal roasting pits or forni fragments. The bronze items recovered in CA 64 does not preserve any particular artifactsÂ’ shape to elucidate what metal objects were produced in Civitate A.

CA 64 was also not directly integral to understanding Civitate AÂ’s stone capping features. No capping



feature was uncovered in CA 64. Within the bedrock feature of CA 64, however, were many small carbon inclusions. Though nothing can be conclusively argued without botanical analysis, the carbon inclusions appeared to be small seeds. It is hard to say if they were deposited naturally or not, but if they were intentionally deposited their presence could relate to some sort of behavior associated with the nearby stone capping features of Civitate A. The relationship of artifacts found in CA 64 sitting directly on top of the bedrock indicates that the surface was exposed at one time. The typology of those artifacts, such as coil made pottery and worked stone ( 20100027

), is the same as those found beneath the stone capping features, further indicating that the surface was most likely exposed contemporaneously with the depositions being made.

While CA 64 has further reinforced Iron Age occupation and possibly aided in an understanding of the stone cappings found in the Civitate A area, further excavation is clearly necessary to answer the questions concerning habitation, metal working, and the stone capping features on Civitate A.


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Suggested Citation

Ann Elizabeth Glennie. "AEG II (2010-08-12):229-232 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate A/Civitate A 64/2010, ID:620". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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