August 3, 1971
Rather cool morning.
- E/27: 1 box of tiles
- F-G/27-28: 10 boxes of tiles
Worked in E/27 and F-G/27-28. Trench photos.
In area D-F/27-28, earth was removed in remaining E/27 down to a level ab. 50 cm from ground surface. E/27: soil mixed with small stones and scattered fragments of tiles (1 cassetta).
Profile D-J/28-29 was then polished by Antonio; the many tiles esp. in G-H did not allow it to be piombato.
Picture taken by Greg.
As visible in profile drawing and picture, the tile layer is concentra-
ted to G/28-29, where its thickness is ab. 15 cm, thinning out towards north in H/28-29 and nonexistent in J/28-29. A yellow streak of soil stretches through G-J, clearly visible in J/28-29. Below this, and below tile layer, a stratum containing small quantities of carbon in G-H/27-28 very rich in bones and pottery. Stone fill in E and E-F/28. D/28: uppermost a layer ca. 10 cm, colored red; below that, a yellow layer.
Further work downards in grids F-D/27-28 from north revealed a substantial tile layer in F/28 which was found to extend all over grids F-G/27-28, south of the stone line which continues from tr. T-17 eastwards. This stone line appeared clearly for the first time in today's cut. Their surface is ab. 65 cm from ground surface; they follow a straight line and their south sides which were made to
appear today are vertically and nicely cut.
Immediately south of this wall extends the tile layer, with that of the stones, rising however towards south of grid F/28 ( see profile drawing on p. 266 ). It is ab. 20 cm thick, tiles being packed thickly on top of each other. The relation of this tile layer to the one found earlier on a higher level in esp. G-H/27-28 is not quite clear, but in profile, D-J/28-29 can be seen how pottery-bone-carbon layer found under the layer in G-H/27-28 seems to intervene between the two tile layers in G/28-29. Immediately north of the stone line this is, however, not as clearly noticeable.
At depth of ab. 15-20 cm from upper surface of stones in stone line, we strike a very hard surface of a gray stratum consisting of hardly packed
small stones. On surface of this stratum, carbon in greater quantity than ever before. This extends south of the stone line with a width of ab. 50 cm ().
The lowest tiles in this area rest right above this stratum, as on a shelf. In G/28, it seems to be just ab. 5 cm thick, and in the cut made where it finishes southwards, you can clearly observe the next stratum under it: yellowish soil, heavily mixed with carbon, containing a few tile fragments and small pieces of pottery. In F/28, this stratum is ab. 10 cm thick and seems to end with a somewhat hard carbon-colored surface, rather like the "batuto" surface found earlier on a higher level in G-J/27-28.
Westwards in the small area F-G/27-28, things are different. The hard gray stone stratum thickens towards west and in G/27, it is not followed by the stratum rich in carbon underneath, but goes at least 25
cm down (level dug). Further, the carbon colored surface lower down found in F/28 is not found in F/27 where tiles still continue interruptedly and still in some quantity downwards. F/27 is also characterized by big stones, with tile fragments in between. Part of a wall parallel to stone line east-west in F/27-28?? In F/27 near profile were found 10-15 fragments of burnt plaster.
In all, 10 cassette of tiles came out of area F-G/27-28 south of stone line. More cover tiles than were picked up from upper tile layer in G-H/27-28. Not much pottery and bones.
Today's cut made the stone line in G/27-28 appear clearly. What seems to be a definite floor level was struck south of this line, on a level 10-15 cm deeper than batuto level north of stones. The large assemblage of stones of middle
and big size in area F/27-28 and G/28 might well be part of a wall/walls (probably fallen stones from wall) defining southern border of a "habitation" area north of the north wall of the great building; stone line might be the northern border. The stratification might indicate more than one period. The relation of this construction to the great complex?
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