Open Context

Contents:

Introduction p.1

Daily Log p.7

Stratigraphy Summary p.173

Locus Summary p.179

Metal Summary p.187

Bone Summary p.191

Pottery Summary p.193

Architect Terracotta Summary p.229

Pg 1

Introduction

T21 was originally excavated in 1978-1979 (FAI) adn then in 1993 (AGI). It was one of the trenches designed to explore the area south of the Upper Building. In the process of excavation the foundations of the South Building were revealed. Work in T21 this season has several purposes. The first is to re-establish the west section of T21. Because T21 was excavated only to the burn layer, 1m wide section trench will be established immediately east of the T21 west baulk, running along its total length, which will be excavated to the depth sterile soil or bedrock. The second goal is to link the section of T21 with that of T25 )GDI) and its north extension (LS II 1997) in order to connect South East building with other orientalizing structures on the site (AMC V-1996)

Pg.2

Drawing

Pg.3

Because of the proximity of the T21 west baulk to the South Building it will be attempted to further define stratigraphic relationship of it to other structures. Finally it will be attempted to recover orientalizing material from southern side of Piano del Tesoro, useful in dating of the structures. T21 was originally laid out according to the grid described in FAI pg.3. Since the master grid has been extended over the entire area of Poggio Civitate, T21 will be excavated according this master grid system (TTI pg.3-5, p.173). The area excavated will include meters S. 36-56, E 148-155. Locus system will be used in excavating T21, where each locus will designate a specific area or a feature.

Pg.4

Pg.5

Depths will be measured in absolute terms as "x" cm below surface of the closest point on the T21 west baulk (b.s.). Pottery and tile volumes will be measured by latte cartons (16x5x9cm) and cassette (30x50x7cm) correspondingly, as well as quantitatively by number of fragments of each fabric type. Provenanace of all material will be designated and located by meter and absolute depth. Special finds will be measured more precisely within indivisual meters. Soil types will be described both visually and using Munsell chart.

Pg.6

Photo.

Pg.7

Monday, July 14, 1997

AM Photos taken (pre-excavation) a line for trimming T21 west baulk was established. Area next to the baulk was cleaned of brush adn vegetal debree. Washout soil was removed, 1/3 of cassetta of tile fragments and 2.5 latte boxes of pottery were recovered during cleaning. Pottery included 14 bucchero, 14 orangeware, 53 impasto, and 54 coarseware fragments. 35 bone fragments were found.

Dirt dump was established in the courtyard of the Upper Building, immediately north east of T21 and rectange 15. Tile dump was established near brush pile, on the right side of the pathway to the dirt dump.

8

photo

9

19970130

Find 1

Locus !

Bucchero fragment with decorated corination

Drawing

Photo

10

11

Tuesday july 15, 1997 AM

Started trimming the west baulk of T21, old grid meters 30 A-E (S 35-40, E 151-153) in order to reestablish the section. A full casetta of tile fragments measuring 1 to 17cm was recovered in the process. Also, a full latte carton of pottery and bone fragments was recovered, including 17 bone fragments, 15 redware fragments, 20 coarseware fragments, 63 impasto fragments, 8 bucchero, 1 creamware and 1 grayware fragments. Other finds included a rocchetto fragment, an impasto handle, buccheroid conical foot, moulded coarseware rim, and cavetto fragment (possibly from frieze plaque). AM baulk trim was designated locus 1. Several plaser pieces were found in locus 1.

12

photo

photo

13

1997-0021

Find#1

Locus 1

S. 37.6 E. 152.6

78cm below surface

Rocchetto

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 1

S. 37.5 E 152.7

80cm below surface

Impasto handle

Drawing

1997-0042

Find .# 3

Locus 1

S 37.3 E 152.7

88cm below surface

Cavetto fragment (frieze plaque) with one finished edge.

Drawing

Photo

14

15

Find #4

Locus 1

S. 36.35 E 153.05

90cm below surface

Impasto conical foot

Drawing

Find #5

Locus 1

S. 37.45 E 152.7

48cm below surface

Moulded coarseware rim fragment

Drawing

16

17

PM

Continued work in locus 1 trimming baulk. !/2 cassetta of tile fragments and a full latte box of pottery and bone were recovered. Pottery included 26 redware, 1 creamware, 50 impasto and 8 buccheroid fragments. 10 bone fragments were found. Also a bronze object, possibly a tack or a laiz pin was uncovered.

Locus 2 was opened starting in meters S 40-41, E 151 (old grid 30 f-g).

65 tile fragments (1-7cm) and 8 impasto fragments were recovered from this locus. A cavetto fragment was found.

18

photo

photo

1997-0060

Find #6

Locus 1

S. 40.15 E 151.8

67cm below surface

bronze tack or hair pin with globular head

Drawing

Photo

1997-0040

Find #7

Locus 2

S. 40.4 E 151.7

87cm below surface

Cavetto fragment

Drawing

Photo

20

21

Wednesday July 16, 1997

AM

Continued trimming baulk in locus 2, meters S 40-51, E 149-152 (old grid F-P). One full cassetta of tile fragments and 2.5 latte boxes of pottery were recovered. Pottery included 66 redware (1 handle), 3 creamware, 49 coarseware, 185 impasto fragments. 22 bone fragments were found, as well as impasto spindle whorl, fragment of a handle with decoration and a cavetto fragment.

Locus 3 was designated in meters S 51-55, E 149-148 (old grid Q-U). This area of the baulk wall contained a large tree. 48 tile fragments (1-7cm), 7 coarseware and 3 impasto fragments were found in locus 3.

22

photo

photo

photo

13

1993 west baulk section cut (see AGI) was designated locus 4. 24 tile fragments, 7 coarseware, 9 redware, 12 impasto fragments and 3 bone fragments were found in locus 4. Locus 2 tile contained several pieces of plaster and a piece of vitrified terracotta.

1997-0022

Find #2

Locus 2

S. 40.46 E 150.05

87cm below surface

Impasto spindle whorl

Drawing

Photo

1997-0030

Find #1

Locus 2

S. 41.96 E 151.24

50-80cm below surface

Cavetto fragment

Drawing

Photo

24

photo

25

1997-0052

Find #3

Locus 2

S. 43-42 E 150-151

60-80cm below surface

decorated impasto handle fragment

Drawing

Photo

26

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

27

Thursday July 17, 1997

AM Photos taken

Work continued in locus 3 trimming the baulk on the west and on the south, where a new locus 5 was designated in meters S. 56-55, E 148-150 (old grid U30-32). A large tree was cut down in S 51-52 E 148-149 (old grid 30R-Q). A rocchetto fragment was found within tree roots. Tile and pottery counts will be done in the afternoon.

1997-0048

Find #1

Locus 3

S. 53.8 E 147.7

65cm below surface

Rocchetto fragment impasto

Drawing

Photo

28

29

Continued working in loci 3 and 5 trimming baulks. Work focused on picking out soil fro munder the tree cut down in the morning.

Locus 3 produced 0.5 latte box of potter and 0.5 cassetta of tile fragments. Pottery included 19 coarseware, 13 redaware, 8 impasto, 1 creamware fragements. Locus 5 produced 20 tile fragments 4 coarseware fragments, and 1 impasto handle fragment.

All material recovered was hightly abraded and worn.

30

31

Friday July 18 1997

No work due to rain.

32

Insert

33

Monday july 21 1997

AM

In order to clarify the startigraphy of T21 west baulk 1m wide trench was established immediately east of the baulk. The trench will be excavated to the level of sterile soil.

Area limited by the south flank of the upper building on teh norht and by bedrock on the south, meters S 35.3-36.8, E 152.9-153.5 (old grid 30 A-B), was designated locus 6. Approximately 10cm cut was made to reach sterile soil, which was yellowish in color.

Two full latte boxes of pottery and bone and 70 tile fragments

34

35

(1-10cm) were recovered from locus 6. Both pottery and tile were in better preservation state than those recovered in baulk trim. 30 bone fragments, 3 coarseware (1 rim and 1 handle base), 70 redware (1handle, 3 rims), 180 impasto (on complete handle, several rims and bases) and 5 bucchero fragments were found. Also 2 spindle whorls (impasto) and a large fragment of architectural terracotta, porbably a statue strut were recovered. Few plaster pieces were found.

Portioni of trench in meteres S 38.5 40.1 , E 151.8-152-4, was

36

photo

37

designated locus 7. It was excavated to the same level as locus 6. Soil was sterile execept for the 2-3cm on the top. 0.25 cassetta (115 pieces 1-7cm) of tile fragments, and 2/3 of latte cartons of bone and pottery were recovered. 10 bone fragments, 30 redware, 1 buccherro, and 90 impasto fragments were found. Alos another spindle whorl was found.

19970045

Find #1

Locus 6

S. 36.25 E 153.1

106cm below surface

Impasto spindle whorl

Drawing

Photo

38

photo

photo

photo

1997-0051

Find #6

Locus 6

S. 35.6 E 151.3

70cm below surface

architectural terracotta (statue strut)

Drawing

Photo

1997-0044

Find #3

Locus 6

S. 35.7 E 153.4

75cm below surface

Impasto spindle whorl

Drawing

Photo

1997-0046

Find #4

Locus 7

S. 39.4 E 152.1

110cm below surface

spindle whorl with incised decoration

Drawing

Photo

40

Insert

41

Tuesday July 22 1997

AM

Continued work in locus 7 extending it toward the south. 5 cm below trench surface bedrock was excavated. It extended for 240 cm, terminating at west baulk section cut (locus 4). Material recovered from locus 7 included 100 tile fragments (1-10cm) and 2 latte cartons of pottery. Pottery included 67 redware, 4 coarseware, 6 bucchero, 2 creamware adn 135 impasto fragments. 10 bone fragments as well as a small amorphous bronze piece, and 2 sherds of possibly greek pottery were found.

20cm x 1m area of soil located

42

insert

43

between the baulk and the section cut (locus 4) was designated

locus 8. Because of high consentration of carbon indicating a burn, it was decided to excavate this locus to the level of the section cut. Burn layer continued to the depth of 125cm b. surface.

23 tile fragments and 1 2/3 latte cartons of pottery were recovered from locus 8, including 87 redware, 3 coarseware, 102 impasto, 1 creamware, and 6 bucchero fragments. Also a winged handle with 2 perforations, and iron rod and a sherd of creamware pottery were found. 32 bone fragments were recovered. Plaster was infrequent in loci 7 and 8.

44

photo

photo

photo

45

Find #1

Locus 7

S. 40.3 E 151.7

108cm below surface

creamware with paint marks

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 7

S. 40.05 E 151.8

111cm below surface

amorphous piece of broze with 2 bronze flakes

Drawing

1997-0086

Find #3

Locus 8

S. 43.4 E 150.75

90cm below surface burn layer

windged handle with 2 perforations

Drawing

Photo

1997-0062

Find #4

Locus 8

S. 43.5 E 150.7

105cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

Photo

1997-0078

Find #5

Locus 8

S. 44 E 151

90-105cm below surface

iron rod (nail)

Drawing

Photo

46

photo

photo

photo

47

PM

Completed excavating locus 8 by straightening the west baulk. Final depth reached was 130cm bs. North and east baulks of section cut (locus 4) were trimmed revealing soft clay like olive yellow soil (2.5 Y, 6/6) with light olive gray patches (5Y, 6/2) in north east corner. Photographic and slides of this soil were taken. Opened a new locus 9, a 1m wide trench running next to the T21 west baulk, north of section cut meters S 44-45 E 151 (old grid J30). Soil contained a lot of carbon. Material recovered from locus 9 included 90 tile fragments (1-12cm)

48

photo

photo

49

several pieces of plaster, and 2 full latte cartons of pottery. Pottery included 65 redware, 6 coarseware and 225 impasto fragments. 50 bone fragments and 4 cut antler pieces were found. Locus was excavatede to the depth of 7cm below trench surface (106cm bs)

1997-0118

Find #6

Locus 9

S. 44 E 151

Cut antler fragments (most probabaly join)

Drawing

Photo

1997-0083

Find #7

Locus 9

S. 44 E 151

Cut antler or bone

Drawing

Photo

50

51

Wednesday July 23 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 9 extending it 1m to the south, meters S 44-46, E 151-152. Extensive burn layer encountered on previous day continued throughout the locus, terminating approximately 50cm from the T21 west baulk. Locus 9 was excavated to the depth of 110cm bs where sterile soil was encountered. Majority of the material associated with locus 9 was recovered from the burn layer. 1/3 cassetta of architectural terracotte, including pan and cover tiles as well as plaster was found. Four full latte boxes on bone and pottery were recovered. Material included; 21 coarseware, 350 impasto,

52

53

43 redware, 1 grayware, 3 bucchero, 63 bone fragments. Also 5 pieces of cut anlter, a broze object fragment, part of creamware vellel lid (in 5 fragments), and a conical foot of an impasto vessel with decorated tondo were found.

Both tile and pottery fragments were relatively large, with well preserved bread edges.

Burn layer stratum seems to be very uneven both vertically and horizontally. Section reveals a lensing in meters S 43-44, E 151.

54

photo

55

1997-0081

Find #1

Locus 9

S. 44.1 E150.7

108cm below surface

antler piece with cuts on both sides

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 9

S. 45.1 E151.1

104cm below surface

impasto tondo

Drawing

**boxed in T21 1997 represen. Pottery box 2

56

photo

photo

57

Find #3

Locus 9

S. 45 E151

108cm below surface

creamware lid in 5 fragments

Drawing

1997-0079

Find #4

Locus 9

S. 44.6 E150.5

108cm below surface

2 antler piece with cut marks

Drawing

Photo

1997-0080

Find #5

Locus 9

S. 44.1 E150.7

108cm below surface

antler piece with cut marks

Drawing

Photo

58

photo

59

1997-0089

Find #6

Locus 9

S. 44.5 E150.4

98cm below surface

antler piece cut on 5 sides

Drawing

Photo

Find #7

Locus 9

S. 45.3 E151.1

108cm below surface

bronze object

Drawing

60

photo

photo

1997-0146

Supplemental find #13

Locus 11

Drawing

61

PM

Area underneath locus 9 was designated locus 10 and excavated to the depth of loci 8 and 4, approximately 130cm bs. Locus 10 corresponds to area in meters S44-46, E151-152 (old grid 30 J-K).

Soil in locus 10 was sterile in S45-44, E151-152 but in S45-46, E 151-152, corresponding to the south east corner of the locusa burn layer was encountered.

All material recovered from locus 10 was recovered from this burn layer. Archaeological material included 40 tile fragments several plaster pieces and 1 2/3 latte cartons of bone and pottery. 42 bone fragements,

62

photo

63

182 impasto, 9 coarseware, 66 redware, and 1 bucchero fragments were found. Also 5 sherds of painted pottery, creamware, were found in locus 10. Both pottery and tile were generally well preservered. In order to reveal the burn layer in locus 10, south baulk of the trench running parallel to the T21 west baulk was cut back 30cm. This area was designated locus 11, and was excavated to a depth of 125cm below surface. Material recovered included 20 worn tile fragments and 2 latte boxes of pottery. 36 bone fragments, 3 peices of antler (1 cut), 205 impasto, 45 redware, 7 coarseware, 7bucchero, and 2 grayware fragments were found. Also pithos rim, vitrified on the inside was found.

64

1997-0084

supplemental find #12

locus 11

cut bone antler

drawing

photo

photo

**July 22 1997

Supplemental find #8

Locus 7

Drawing

65

Find #8

Locus 10

S. 45.3 E150.8

113m below surface

painted pottery (largest fragment preserves glaze on inner side)

Drawing

1997-0090

Find #9

Locus 11

S. 45.7 E150.0

96cm below surface

pithos rim vitrified on inside

Drawing

Photo (on page 66)

Supplementary find#10

Locus 9

Incised pottery

Drawing

1997-0082

suppl. find #11

locus 9

worked antler or bone

drawing

photo

66

Photo

Insert

67

Thursday July 24, 1997 AM

Work started this morning by trimming the south and east baulks of the section trench in meters S 46 E 152-151. Because of the vicinity of the burn layer revealed in the east baulk of the section trench (loci 9,10, 11) to the west frank of the south building, it was decided to make a 40 cm wide and 80 cm long cut, extending eastward towards the south building wall. South baulk of this cut is a continuation of the section trench south baulk. It was designated locus 12. Its location is in metersr S 46, E 151-152. Top 10 cm produced

68

69

majority of archaeological material. 50 tile fragments were found, 5 of which were fairly large (10cm) and well preserved cover tile pieces. The rest of the tile fragments were small (1-2cm) adn heavily worn. One full latte carton of pottery recovered included 9 bone fragments, 65 redware, 2 coarseware, 150 impasto fragments as well as a small creamware handle and incised redware fragment. Soil throughout the locus 12 contained medium amounts of carbon and some plaser. Galerstra was reached at a depth of 128 cm bs. Burn layer is evident in both east and norht baulks of the cut.

70

71

and its reationship to the west flank of the south building is more clear, since the burn layer appears to be directly underneath the foundation stones.

Find #1

Locus 12

S. 45.6 E151.6

110cm below surface

creamware handle

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 12

S. 45.6 E151.3

123cm below surface

redware fragment with incised decoration

Drawing

72

73

PM Photos taken

Baulks were trimmed in meters S 46, E 151-152. Material recovered during baulk trim consisted of 10 tile fragments, 13 bone, 66 impasto, 11 redware, 2 coarseware, and creamware rim, and was designated as locus 13. Floor of loci 10 and 11, in S 44-46, E 151-152 was taken down 5cm, to the depth of 134 cm bs. Burn layer, encountered in S 45 E152, next to east baulk of section trench still continued, extending 20 cm from the baulk. In the rest of th trench galestra was reached. Material recovered from this cut came from the burn layer and

74

75

included 10 small worn tile fragments, 3 pieces of bone, 3 coarseware, 5 redware, and 31 impasto fragments as well as creamware rim and moulded redware rim.

Find #3

Locus 13

S. 45 E152

103cm below surface

creamware rim, fresh breaks * boxed in repres potery box T21 1997

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 13

S. 46 E152-151

115-125cm below surface

moulded redware rim, 1 freshbreak, *boxed in T21 1997 representative pottery box

Drawing

76

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

Insert

77

Friday July 25 1997

AM Photos taken

Frist hour was spent extending locus 12 15cm to the east in order to verify hthat burn layer extends underneath west wall foundation stones of the south building. Material reveoruver included 10 small and heavily wron tile fragmetns, 3 bone pieces, 6 redware, and 22 impasto sherds. Final depths of the cut was 131 cm bs in S 46-47 E 151-152. The rest of the morning was spent working in meters S 50-51, E 149-150 where a new locus 14 was opened. It is a continuation of a section trench running immediately east of T21 west baulk. It will be excavated to sterial soil.

78

79

Material recovered from locus 14 included 1/3 of cassetta of tile fragments, majority of which were small adn heavily worn, and 1 and 2/3 latte boxes of pottery. 9 bone fragments, 204 impsto, 50 redware, 20 coarseware, 3 creamware, 4 grayware, and 6 bucchero fragments. Finds included 4 sherds of painted creamware, 2 incised pottery fragmetns, 2 crusible fragements, 1 conical impast foot with score marks on 2 fragments, 1 creamware conical foot (or finial), a piece of vitrified material, and an impasto ring base with heavily worn break edges.

80

photo

81

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

75 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

1997-0141

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.2

75 cm below surface

Incised pottery

Drawing

photo

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49-50 E149

83-86 cm below surface

creamware conical foot

Drawing

82

photo

photo

83

1997-160

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E149.2

86 cm below surface

crusible fragment

Drawing

Photo

1997-0106

Find #6

Locus 16

S. 50.1 E148.8

84 cm below surface

crusible fragment

Drawing

Photo

84

85

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E148.2

83 cm below surface

impasto ring base

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.8

90 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 49.3 E149.2

91 cm below surface

incised impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 49 E149

ca90 cm below surface

vitrified material

Drawing

86

87

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 49-50 E150

ca90 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

88

89

Saturday July 26 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 14, meters S 50-57 E 149-150. It was decided to use mestiline insted of pics due to high consentration of material. The soil was dark grayish brown (2.5 Y, 4/2) corresponding to the burn layer. Material recovered from locus 14 included 2.5 latte boxes of pottery and 83 tile fragments. Tile fragments were small 1-5cm and worn, execept for the large fragement of unusual architectural terracotta (porbably ridgepole tile). Pottery included 264 impasto, 19 grayware, 5 coarseware, 61 redware, 2 creamware, adn 18 bucchero fragments. 42 bone pieces including one with cut marks were found.

90

91

Finds consisted of 1 peice of bronze, unusual tondo fragment, 2 incised pottery sherds, rocchetto fragment with stamped decoration, spindle whorl, small bronze object, 2 painted pottery sherds, a crusible fgragment, a rim with moulded decoration and a rim with stamped decoration.

Burn layer extends 80 cm east from the baulk at which point soil shifts to soft and clayey light olive brown (2.5 Y, 5/4) with no carbon and no material.

92

photo

photo

93

1997-0111

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.1

94 cm below surface

piece of bronze

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

95 cm below surface

tondo fragment

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E149

93 cm below surface

incised pottery fragment

Drawing

1997-0068

Find #4

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E149.1

94 cm below surface

rocchetto fragment with stamped decoration

Drawing

94

photo

95

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.9

96 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #6

Locus 14

S. 49.6 E148.9

95 cm below surface

painted pottery sherd

Drawing

1997-0138

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 50 E149

Crusible fragment

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.2

96 cm below surface

moulded impasto rim

Drawing

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

93cm below surface

bronze object (piece of fibula)

Drawing

96

photo

photo

photo

97

1997-0073

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E148.7

92 cm below surface

rim with stamped decoration

Drawing

Photo

1997-0125

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.7

93 cm below surface

unusual architectural terracotta (ridge pole tile)

Drawing

Photo

1997-0117

Find #12

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E149.3

100 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

Photo

98

photo

99

1997-0070

Find #13

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E149.2

98 cm below surface

impasto spindle whorl

Drawing

Photo

100

101

Monday July 28, 1997

AM

Work continued in the locus 14 S50-51, E149-150 trowling through the brun layer. Concentration of material was high. Ceramics was relatively well preserved and many fragments retrieved were relatively large.

Morning finds included 5 sherds of painted pottery, 2 pieces of vitrified material, cut bone, an iron slag, a bucchero handle, a situla fragment, a fragment of coil made ceramics, (porbabaly brazire) and unusual archaetectural terracotta fragmetn, finished on both sides, as well as forno and ridgepole fragments. Pottery count will be done in the end of the day.

102

103

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E150.1

96 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

93 cm below surface

painted rim

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E148.9

92 cm below surface

unusual terracotta fininshed on both sides

Drawing

104

photo

105

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 49.6 E148.8

87 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #6

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

95 cm below surface

vitrified material (crusible)

Drawing

1997-168

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

94-97 cm below surface

coil made ceramics

Drawing

Photo

104

photo

105

1997-0074

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E148.7

98 cm below surface

bucchero handle

Drawing

Photo

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

97 cm below surface

vitrified pottery fragment

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 50 E148.7

96 cm below surface

stitula fragment

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 50.3 E148.7

97 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

108

photo

photo

109

Find #12

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

95 cm below surface

ridge pole tile fragment

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

96 cm below surface

forno fragment

Drawing

1997-0164

Find #14

MG1

Locus 14

S. 50.2E148.2

87 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

1997-0116

Find #15

Locus 14

S. 50 E149

98 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

photo

110

111

PM

Continued work in locus 14. At a depth of 97-100 cm bs burn layer ended and soil shifted clayey pre-galestra sterile soil. Locus 14 was excavated to a depth of 100-107cm bs.

All material recovered today came from the burn layer. 1/3 cassetta of tile recovered included pan and cover tile fragments. Tile was relativley well preserverd, with bumerous large pieces (up to 15 cm). Five tile fragments found were vitrifired on one side.

5 full latte boxes of bone and pottery were recovered from locus 14

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113

today. Material included 82 bone fragments, 163 redware, 325 impasto, 16 coarseware, 25 grayware, 12 creamware, adn 11 buchero fragments. Afternnon finds concisted of 2 decorated bucchero fragements, 1 stamped impasto handle, piece of crusible, iron slag (or nugget) and a bronze flake.

114

photo

photo

photo

115

1997-0144

Find #16

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.7

97 cm below surface

bucchero fragment with moulded karination (kantharos ?)

Drawing

Photo

Find #17

Locus 14

S. 51 E150

95 cm below surface

vitrified tile or crusible fragement

Drawing

Find #18

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

94 cm below surface

decorated bucchero body fragment

Drawing

1997-0117

Find #19

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E149.1

99 cm below surface

Impasto handle with stamped decoration

Drawing

Photo

1997-0150

Find #20

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E149

89 cm below surface (baulk)

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

116

117

Find #21

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E148.9

90 cm below surface

bronze flake

Drawing

Find #22

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

91-99 cm below surface

redware fragment with stamped decoration

Drawing

118

insert

119

Tuesday july 29 1997

AM

Section trench running immediately east of T21 west baulk was extended north from locus 14 into meters S 49-50 E 150. Work was carried out using picks cutting back 20cm at a time. The area was designated locus 15. 1m square was excavated to a depth of 100-105cm b surface. Burn layer terminated at approximately 100cm bs. Burn layer extended 60-70cm east of the baulk. It did not extend as deep as in locus 14 and produced less material than locus 14.

1/3 cassetta of tile and 3.5 latte cartons of pottery were recovered from locus 15. Tile was more fragmentary

120

121

and in worse state of preservation when compared to locus 14 material. Pottery contained fewer large fragments as well. 56 fragments of bone, 373 impasto, 122 redware, 10 coarseware, 9 grayware, 6 creamware, and 4 bucchero fragments were found. Ceramic frinds included 5 painted pottery fragements, bucchero kanthoros handle, and a fragment of impasto base (or rim) with decoration.

1 cut bone peice and 5 cut antler fragments were found. Other finds included a piece of large bronze and a vitrifired tile flange.

122

photo

photo

photo

123

1997-0134

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149

94 cm below surface

vitrified tile flange

Drawing

Photo

1997-0159

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 49.3 E149.3

95 cm below surface

cut antler

Drawing

Photo

1997-0104

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 49.4 E149.5

94 cm below surface

cut bone or antler

Drawing

Photo

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.2

93 cm below surface

creamware sherd with red paint traces

Drawing

124

photo

photo

photo

125

1997-0098

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 50 E150

92 cm below surface

cut antler ( 2 fragments)

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.4

97 cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

1997-0124

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 50 E150

92-95 cm below surface

impasto fragment with hatched decoration

Drawing

Photo

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 48.9 E149.2

96 cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

19979-0123

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 48.6 E149.2

97 cm below surface

decorated bucchero base fragment

Drawing

Photo

126

127

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 48.6 E149.2

95 cm below surface

creamware rim or base

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 49 E150

103 cm below surface

bronze piece

Drawing

Find #12

Locus 15

S. 48.5 E149.3

100 cm below surface

bucchero handle (karthanos ?)

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 48.3 E149.2

101 cm below surface

painted pottery ionic

Drawing

129

130

Wednesday july 30 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 15 expanding it notrht into meters S 48 E 150. Burn layer continued, extending verticallty to 89cm bs and horzontally 60 cm east of the baulk.

Morning finds included a fragments of stamped impasto vessel, impast rim of distinct shape, buccheroid handle, iron slag, adn 8 fragements of painted creamware.

Pottery and tile count will be done in the end of the day.

130

photo

131

1997-0100

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 48.3E149.6

97 cm below surface

stamped pottery fragement wiht crossed line pattern

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 49 E149

90-95 cm below surface

impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.4

93 cm below surface

buccheroid handle

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.3

99 cm below surface

painted pottery (red paint)

Drawing

132

photo

133

1997-0143

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 49.3 E149.3

95-98 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 47.9 E149.4

85 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 48 E149.9

Painted pottery

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 49 E149.7

99 cm below surface

crusible ?

Drawing

* boxed in T21 1997 repre. Pottery box

134

135

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 47.9 E149.5

92 cm below surface

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

95 cm below surface

vitrified tile flange

Drawing

136

137

PM

The afternoon was spent working in locus 15. Including morning work, it was expanded 60cm to the north, and excavated to the depth of 107-110cm bs. Material recovered included 1/3 cassetta of tile (1-10), and 5 latte boxes of bone and pottery. Total 66 bone fragments, 454 impasto, 127 redware, 11 coarseware, 11 creamware, adn 7 bucchero fragements was found.

138

139

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

92 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.8

91 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #12

Locus 12

S. 47.7 E149.7

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #14

S. 48 E150

95-100 cm below surface

incised impasto

Drawing

Find #15

S. 47.9 E149.6

96 cm below surface

incised redware

Drawing

140

Insert

141

Thursday July 31 1997

AM

Baulks were trimmed in locus 15 in order for the architect to draw the west sectino of T21. One latte carton of material was retieved during baulk trim, including 13 peices of bone, 17 redware, 1 coarseware, 5 creamware, and 82 impasto fragments, as well as 23 small tile fragments. Then continued extending locus 15 to the north.

2 cut antler or bone fragments, and iron slag, painted pottery sherd, adn 2 stamp decorated pottery fragements were found.

Tile and pottery count will be done in the end of the day.

142

Insert

Photo

Photo

Photo

143

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 48 E149.3

101 cm below surface

cut antler

Drawing

1997-0121

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

100 cm below surface

stamp decorated impasto fragment

Drawing

Photo (pg 144)

1997-0105

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 48 E149

91-96 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

Photo

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.5

101 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

144

Insert

Photo

Photo

Photo

145

1997-0114

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 48 E149

90-100 cm below surface (burn)

bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration (procession of animals)

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.7

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

1997-0140

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.5

95-100 cm below surface

incised bucchero fragment

Drawing

Photo

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.4

95 cm below surface

decorated impasto fragment

Drawing

146

147

PM

Work continued in extending locus 15 north. Locus 15 was excavated to a depth of approximately 10cm bs, reaching total length of 2.9m. \xbd cassetta of tile fragments (1-17cm) and 6.5 latte cartons of bone and pottery were recovered during the day. 102 bone fragments, 529 impasto, 7 coarseware, 153 redware, 6 bucchero, and 5 creamware fragements were found. Afternoon finds included 2 impasto handles, a bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration, 2 sherds of incised pottery, incisted impasto tondo, a piece of painted pottery, and 2 rocchetti (one with stamped decoration) which were uncovered in close vicinity of each other.

148

149

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 47.5 E149.8

92 cm below surface

impasto handle

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 48 E150

95 cm below surface

decorated impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 47.5 E149.8

95 cm below surface

impasto handle

Drawing

150

photo

photo

photo

151

1997-102

Find #12

Locus 15

S. 47.4 E149.9

100 cm below surface

bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration

Drawing

Photo

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.9

96 cm below surface

impasto rocchetto

Drawing

1997-0115

Find #14

Locus 15

S. 47.4 E150.1

96 cm below surface

rocchetto with stamped decoration (concentric circles)

Drawing

Photo

152

photo

Find #15

Locus 15

S. 46.8 E150.1

95 cm below surface

painted pottery sherd

Drawing

1997-0186

Find #16

Locus 15

S. 46.8 E150.1

95 cm below surface

impasto tondo **joins to find #1 p161 and rim and body fragment form a full profile

Drawing

photo

Find #17

Locus 15

S. 48 E150

95-100 cm below surface

Drawing

154

photo

photo

155

AM Photos taken

First part of the morning was spent finishing excavating locus 15. Total length of locus 15 is 370cm along the T21 west baulk encompassing meters S 47-50 E 149-151. Burn layer rose in S 47-48 E 150-151, its bottom reaching 90cm bs. Floor of locus 15 was taken down 5 cm, reaching 112-114cm bs in order to clarify vertical limit of the burn layer in the section. The soil was sterile. Material recovered from locus 15 consisted of 60 small tile fragments (1-4cm) two of which were vitrified, and 1.66 latte cartons of bone and pottery.

locus 8. Because of high consentration of carbon indicating a burn, it was decided to excavate this locus to the level of the section cut. Burn layer continued to the depth of 125cm b. surface.

23 tile fragments and 1 2/3 latte cartons of pottery were recovered from locus 8, including 87 redware, 3 coarseware, 102 impasto, 1 creamware, and 6 bucchero fragments. Also a winged handle with 2 perforations, and iron rod and a sherd of creamware pottery were found. 32 bone fragments were recovered. Plaster was infrequent in loci 7 and 8.

44

photo

photo

photo

45

Find #1

Locus 7

S. 40.3 E 151.7

108cm below surface

creamware with paint marks

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 7

S. 40.05 E 151.8

111cm below surface

amorphous piece of broze with 2 bronze flakes

Drawing

1997-0086

Find #3

Locus 8

S. 43.4 E 150.75

90cm below surface burn layer

windged handle with 2 perforations

Drawing

Photo

1997-0062

Find #4

Locus 8

S. 43.5 E 150.7

105cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

Photo

1997-0078

Find #5

Locus 8

S. 44 E 151

90-105cm below surface

iron rod (nail)

Drawing

Photo

46

photo

photo

photo

47

PM

Completed excavating locus 8 by straightening the west baulk. Final depth reached was 130cm bs. North and east baulks of section cut (locus 4) were trimmed revealing soft clay like olive yellow soil (2.5 Y, 6/6) with light olive gray patches (5Y, 6/2) in north east corner. Photographic and slides of this soil were taken. Opened a new locus 9, a 1m wide trench running next to the T21 west baulk, north of section cut meters S 44-45 E 151 (old grid J30). Soil contained a lot of carbon. Material recovered from locus 9 included 90 tile fragments (1-12cm)

48

photo

photo

49

several pieces of plaster, and 2 full latte cartons of pottery. Pottery included 65 redware, 6 coarseware and 225 impasto fragments. 50 bone fragments and 4 cut antler pieces were found. Locus was excavatede to the depth of 7cm below trench surface (106cm bs)

1997-0118

Find #6

Locus 9

S. 44 E 151

Cut antler fragments (most probabaly join)

Drawing

Photo

1997-0083

Find #7

Locus 9

S. 44 E 151

Cut antler or bone

Drawing

Photo

50

51

Wednesday July 23 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 9 extending it 1m to the south, meters S 44-46, E 151-152. Extensive burn layer encountered on previous day continued throughout the locus, terminating approximately 50cm from the T21 west baulk. Locus 9 was excavated to the depth of 110cm bs where sterile soil was encountered. Majority of the material associated with locus 9 was recovered from the burn layer. 1/3 cassetta of architectural terracotte, including pan and cover tiles as well as plaster was found. Four full latte boxes on bone and pottery were recovered. Material included; 21 coarseware, 350 impasto,

52

53

43 redware, 1 grayware, 3 bucchero, 63 bone fragments. Also 5 pieces of cut anlter, a broze object fragment, part of creamware vellel lid (in 5 fragments), and a conical foot of an impasto vessel with decorated tondo were found.

Both tile and pottery fragments were relatively large, with well preserved bread edges.

Burn layer stratum seems to be very uneven both vertically and horizontally. Section reveals a lensing in meters S 43-44, E 151.

54

photo

55

1997-0081

Find #1

Locus 9

S. 44.1 E150.7

108cm below surface

antler piece with cuts on both sides

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 9

S. 45.1 E151.1

104cm below surface

impasto tondo

Drawing

**boxed in T21 1997 represen. Pottery box 2

56

photo

photo

57

Find #3

Locus 9

S. 45 E151

108cm below surface

creamware lid in 5 fragments

Drawing

1997-0079

Find #4

Locus 9

S. 44.6 E150.5

108cm below surface

2 antler piece with cut marks

Drawing

Photo

1997-0080

Find #5

Locus 9

S. 44.1 E150.7

108cm below surface

antler piece with cut marks

Drawing

Photo

58

photo

59

1997-0089

Find #6

Locus 9

S. 44.5 E150.4

98cm below surface

antler piece cut on 5 sides

Drawing

Photo

Find #7

Locus 9

S. 45.3 E151.1

108cm below surface

bronze object

Drawing

60

photo

photo

1997-0146

Supplemental find #13

Locus 11

Drawing

61

PM

Area underneath locus 9 was designated locus 10 and excavated to the depth of loci 8 and 4, approximately 130cm bs. Locus 10 corresponds to area in meters S44-46, E151-152 (old grid 30 J-K).

Soil in locus 10 was sterile in S45-44, E151-152 but in S45-46, E 151-152, corresponding to the south east corner of the locusa burn layer was encountered.

All material recovered from locus 10 was recovered from this burn layer. Archaeological material included 40 tile fragments several plaster pieces and 1 2/3 latte cartons of bone and pottery. 42 bone fragements,

62

photo

63

182 impasto, 9 coarseware, 66 redware, and 1 bucchero fragments were found. Also 5 sherds of painted pottery, creamware, were found in locus 10. Both pottery and tile were generally well preservered. In order to reveal the burn layer in locus 10, south baulk of the trench running parallel to the T21 west baulk was cut back 30cm. This area was designated locus 11, and was excavated to a depth of 125cm below surface. Material recovered included 20 worn tile fragments and 2 latte boxes of pottery. 36 bone fragments, 3 peices of antler (1 cut), 205 impasto, 45 redware, 7 coarseware, 7bucchero, and 2 grayware fragments were found. Also pithos rim, vitrified on the inside was found.

64

1997-0084

supplemental find #12

locus 11

cut bone antler

drawing

photo

photo

**July 22 1997

Supplemental find #8

Locus 7

Drawing

65

Find #8

Locus 10

S. 45.3 E150.8

113m below surface

painted pottery (largest fragment preserves glaze on inner side)

Drawing

1997-0090

Find #9

Locus 11

S. 45.7 E150.0

96cm below surface

pithos rim vitrified on inside

Drawing

Photo (on page 66)

Supplementary find#10

Locus 9

Incised pottery

Drawing

1997-0082

suppl. find #11

locus 9

worked antler or bone

drawing

photo

66

Photo

Insert

67

Thursday July 24, 1997 AM

Work started this morning by trimming the south and east baulks of the section trench in meters S 46 E 152-151. Because of the vicinity of the burn layer revealed in the east baulk of the section trench (loci 9,10, 11) to the west frank of the south building, it was decided to make a 40 cm wide and 80 cm long cut, extending eastward towards the south building wall. South baulk of this cut is a continuation of the section trench south baulk. It was designated locus 12. Its location is in metersr S 46, E 151-152. Top 10 cm produced

68

69

majority of archaeological material. 50 tile fragments were found, 5 of which were fairly large (10cm) and well preserved cover tile pieces. The rest of the tile fragments were small (1-2cm) adn heavily worn. One full latte carton of pottery recovered included 9 bone fragments, 65 redware, 2 coarseware, 150 impasto fragments as well as a small creamware handle and incised redware fragment. Soil throughout the locus 12 contained medium amounts of carbon and some plaser. Galerstra was reached at a depth of 128 cm bs. Burn layer is evident in both east and norht baulks of the cut.

70

71

and its reationship to the west flank of the south building is more clear, since the burn layer appears to be directly underneath the foundation stones.

Find #1

Locus 12

S. 45.6 E151.6

110cm below surface

creamware handle

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 12

S. 45.6 E151.3

123cm below surface

redware fragment with incised decoration

Drawing

72

73

PM Photos taken

Baulks were trimmed in meters S 46, E 151-152. Material recovered during baulk trim consisted of 10 tile fragments, 13 bone, 66 impasto, 11 redware, 2 coarseware, and creamware rim, and was designated as locus 13. Floor of loci 10 and 11, in S 44-46, E 151-152 was taken down 5cm, to the depth of 134 cm bs. Burn layer, encountered in S 45 E152, next to east baulk of section trench still continued, extending 20 cm from the baulk. In the rest of th trench galestra was reached. Material recovered from this cut came from the burn layer and

74

75

included 10 small worn tile fragments, 3 pieces of bone, 3 coarseware, 5 redware, and 31 impasto fragments as well as creamware rim and moulded redware rim.

Find #3

Locus 13

S. 45 E152

103cm below surface

creamware rim, fresh breaks * boxed in repres potery box T21 1997

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 13

S. 46 E152-151

115-125cm below surface

moulded redware rim, 1 freshbreak, *boxed in T21 1997 representative pottery box

Drawing

76

photo

photo

photo

photo

photo

Insert

77

Friday July 25 1997

AM Photos taken

Frist hour was spent extending locus 12 15cm to the east in order to verify hthat burn layer extends underneath west wall foundation stones of the south building. Material reveoruver included 10 small and heavily wron tile fragmetns, 3 bone pieces, 6 redware, and 22 impasto sherds. Final depths of the cut was 131 cm bs in S 46-47 E 151-152. The rest of the morning was spent working in meters S 50-51, E 149-150 where a new locus 14 was opened. It is a continuation of a section trench running immediately east of T21 west baulk. It will be excavated to sterial soil.

78

79

Material recovered from locus 14 included 1/3 of cassetta of tile fragments, majority of which were small adn heavily worn, and 1 and 2/3 latte boxes of pottery. 9 bone fragments, 204 impsto, 50 redware, 20 coarseware, 3 creamware, 4 grayware, and 6 bucchero fragments. Finds included 4 sherds of painted creamware, 2 incised pottery fragmetns, 2 crusible fragements, 1 conical impast foot with score marks on 2 fragments, 1 creamware conical foot (or finial), a piece of vitrified material, and an impasto ring base with heavily worn break edges.

80

photo

81

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

75 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

1997-0141

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.2

75 cm below surface

Incised pottery

Drawing

photo

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49-50 E149

83-86 cm below surface

creamware conical foot

Drawing

82

photo

photo

83

1997-160

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E149.2

86 cm below surface

crusible fragment

Drawing

Photo

1997-0106

Find #6

Locus 16

S. 50.1 E148.8

84 cm below surface

crusible fragment

Drawing

Photo

84

85

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E148.2

83 cm below surface

impasto ring base

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.8

90 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 49.3 E149.2

91 cm below surface

incised impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 49 E149

ca90 cm below surface

vitrified material

Drawing

86

87

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 49-50 E150

ca90 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

88

89

Saturday July 26 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 14, meters S 50-57 E 149-150. It was decided to use mestiline insted of pics due to high consentration of material. The soil was dark grayish brown (2.5 Y, 4/2) corresponding to the burn layer. Material recovered from locus 14 included 2.5 latte boxes of pottery and 83 tile fragments. Tile fragments were small 1-5cm and worn, execept for the large fragement of unusual architectural terracotta (porbably ridgepole tile). Pottery included 264 impasto, 19 grayware, 5 coarseware, 61 redware, 2 creamware, adn 18 bucchero fragments. 42 bone pieces including one with cut marks were found.

90

91

Finds consisted of 1 peice of bronze, unusual tondo fragment, 2 incised pottery sherds, rocchetto fragment with stamped decoration, spindle whorl, small bronze object, 2 painted pottery sherds, a crusible fgragment, a rim with moulded decoration and a rim with stamped decoration.

Burn layer extends 80 cm east from the baulk at which point soil shifts to soft and clayey light olive brown (2.5 Y, 5/4) with no carbon and no material.

92

photo

photo

93

1997-0111

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.1

94 cm below surface

piece of bronze

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

95 cm below surface

tondo fragment

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E149

93 cm below surface

incised pottery fragment

Drawing

1997-0068

Find #4

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E149.1

94 cm below surface

rocchetto fragment with stamped decoration

Drawing

94

photo

95

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.9

96 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #6

Locus 14

S. 49.6 E148.9

95 cm below surface

painted pottery sherd

Drawing

1997-0138

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 50 E149

Crusible fragment

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E149.2

96 cm below surface

moulded impasto rim

Drawing

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 49.7 E149.2

93cm below surface

bronze object (piece of fibula)

Drawing

96

photo

photo

photo

97

1997-0073

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E148.7

92 cm below surface

rim with stamped decoration

Drawing

Photo

1997-0125

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.7

93 cm below surface

unusual architectural terracotta (ridge pole tile)

Drawing

Photo

1997-0117

Find #12

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E149.3

100 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

Photo

98

photo

99

1997-0070

Find #13

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E149.2

98 cm below surface

impasto spindle whorl

Drawing

Photo

100

101

Monday July 28, 1997

AM

Work continued in the locus 14 S50-51, E149-150 trowling through the brun layer. Concentration of material was high. Ceramics was relatively well preserved and many fragments retrieved were relatively large.

Morning finds included 5 sherds of painted pottery, 2 pieces of vitrified material, cut bone, an iron slag, a bucchero handle, a situla fragment, a fragment of coil made ceramics, (porbabaly brazire) and unusual archaetectural terracotta fragmetn, finished on both sides, as well as forno and ridgepole fragments. Pottery count will be done in the end of the day.

102

103

Find #1

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #2

Locus 14

S. 49.8 E150.1

96 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

93 cm below surface

painted rim

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E148.9

92 cm below surface

unusual terracotta fininshed on both sides

Drawing

104

photo

105

Find #5

Locus 14

S. 49.6 E148.8

87 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #6

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

95 cm below surface

vitrified material (crusible)

Drawing

1997-168

Find #7

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

94-97 cm below surface

coil made ceramics

Drawing

Photo

104

photo

105

1997-0074

Find #8

Locus 14

S. 49.9 E148.7

98 cm below surface

bucchero handle

Drawing

Photo

Find #9

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

97 cm below surface

vitrified pottery fragment

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 14

S. 50 E148.7

96 cm below surface

stitula fragment

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 14

S. 50.3 E148.7

97 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

108

photo

photo

109

Find #12

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

95 cm below surface

ridge pole tile fragment

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

96 cm below surface

forno fragment

Drawing

1997-0164

Find #14

MG1

Locus 14

S. 50.2E148.2

87 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

1997-0116

Find #15

Locus 14

S. 50 E149

98 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

photo

110

111

PM

Continued work in locus 14. At a depth of 97-100 cm bs burn layer ended and soil shifted clayey pre-galestra sterile soil. Locus 14 was excavated to a depth of 100-107cm bs.

All material recovered today came from the burn layer. 1/3 cassetta of tile recovered included pan and cover tile fragments. Tile was relativley well preserverd, with bumerous large pieces (up to 15 cm). Five tile fragments found were vitrifired on one side.

5 full latte boxes of bone and pottery were recovered from locus 14

112

113

today. Material included 82 bone fragments, 163 redware, 325 impasto, 16 coarseware, 25 grayware, 12 creamware, adn 11 buchero fragments. Afternnon finds concisted of 2 decorated bucchero fragements, 1 stamped impasto handle, piece of crusible, iron slag (or nugget) and a bronze flake.

114

photo

photo

photo

115

1997-0144

Find #16

Locus 14

S. 50.1 E148.7

97 cm below surface

bucchero fragment with moulded karination (kantharos ?)

Drawing

Photo

Find #17

Locus 14

S. 51 E150

95 cm below surface

vitrified tile or crusible fragement

Drawing

Find #18

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E148.9

94 cm below surface

decorated bucchero body fragment

Drawing

1997-0117

Find #19

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E149.1

99 cm below surface

Impasto handle with stamped decoration

Drawing

Photo

1997-0150

Find #20

Locus 14

S. 49.4 E149

89 cm below surface (baulk)

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

116

117

Find #21

Locus 14

S. 49.5 E148.9

90 cm below surface

bronze flake

Drawing

Find #22

Locus 14

S. 50 E150

91-99 cm below surface

redware fragment with stamped decoration

Drawing

118

insert

119

Tuesday july 29 1997

AM

Section trench running immediately east of T21 west baulk was extended north from locus 14 into meters S 49-50 E 150. Work was carried out using picks cutting back 20cm at a time. The area was designated locus 15. 1m square was excavated to a depth of 100-105cm b surface. Burn layer terminated at approximately 100cm bs. Burn layer extended 60-70cm east of the baulk. It did not extend as deep as in locus 14 and produced less material than locus 14.

1/3 cassetta of tile and 3.5 latte cartons of pottery were recovered from locus 15. Tile was more fragmentary

120

121

and in worse state of preservation when compared to locus 14 material. Pottery contained fewer large fragments as well. 56 fragments of bone, 373 impasto, 122 redware, 10 coarseware, 9 grayware, 6 creamware, and 4 bucchero fragments were found. Ceramic frinds included 5 painted pottery fragements, bucchero kanthoros handle, and a fragment of impasto base (or rim) with decoration.

1 cut bone peice and 5 cut antler fragments were found. Other finds included a piece of large bronze and a vitrifired tile flange.

122

photo

photo

photo

123

1997-0134

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149

94 cm below surface

vitrified tile flange

Drawing

Photo

1997-0159

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 49.3 E149.3

95 cm below surface

cut antler

Drawing

Photo

1997-0104

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 49.4 E149.5

94 cm below surface

cut bone or antler

Drawing

Photo

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.2

93 cm below surface

creamware sherd with red paint traces

Drawing

124

photo

photo

photo

125

1997-0098

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 50 E150

92 cm below surface

cut antler ( 2 fragments)

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.4

97 cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

1997-0124

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 50 E150

92-95 cm below surface

impasto fragment with hatched decoration

Drawing

Photo

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 48.9 E149.2

96 cm below surface

painted creamware

Drawing

19979-0123

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 48.6 E149.2

97 cm below surface

decorated bucchero base fragment

Drawing

Photo

126

127

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 48.6 E149.2

95 cm below surface

creamware rim or base

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 49 E150

103 cm below surface

bronze piece

Drawing

Find #12

Locus 15

S. 48.5 E149.3

100 cm below surface

bucchero handle (karthanos ?)

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 48.3 E149.2

101 cm below surface

painted pottery ionic

Drawing

129

130

Wednesday july 30 1997

AM

Work continued in locus 15 expanding it notrht into meters S 48 E 150. Burn layer continued, extending verticallty to 89cm bs and horzontally 60 cm east of the baulk.

Morning finds included a fragments of stamped impasto vessel, impast rim of distinct shape, buccheroid handle, iron slag, adn 8 fragements of painted creamware.

Pottery and tile count will be done in the end of the day.

130

photo

131

1997-0100

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 48.3E149.6

97 cm below surface

stamped pottery fragement wiht crossed line pattern

Drawing

Photo

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 49 E149

90-95 cm below surface

impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.4

93 cm below surface

buccheroid handle

Drawing

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 49.2 E149.3

99 cm below surface

painted pottery (red paint)

Drawing

132

photo

133

1997-0143

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 49.3 E149.3

95-98 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 47.9 E149.4

85 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 48 E149.9

Painted pottery

Drawing

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 49 E149.7

99 cm below surface

crusible ?

Drawing

* boxed in T21 1997 repre. Pottery box

134

135

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 47.9 E149.5

92 cm below surface

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

95 cm below surface

vitrified tile flange

Drawing

136

137

PM

The afternoon was spent working in locus 15. Including morning work, it was expanded 60cm to the north, and excavated to the depth of 107-110cm bs. Material recovered included 1/3 cassetta of tile (1-10), and 5 latte boxes of bone and pottery. Total 66 bone fragments, 454 impasto, 127 redware, 11 coarseware, 11 creamware, adn 7 bucchero fragements was found.

138

139

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

92 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.8

91 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #12

Locus 12

S. 47.7 E149.7

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

Find #14

S. 48 E150

95-100 cm below surface

incised impasto

Drawing

Find #15

S. 47.9 E149.6

96 cm below surface

incised redware

Drawing

140

Insert

141

Thursday July 31 1997

AM

Baulks were trimmed in locus 15 in order for the architect to draw the west sectino of T21. One latte carton of material was retieved during baulk trim, including 13 peices of bone, 17 redware, 1 coarseware, 5 creamware, and 82 impasto fragments, as well as 23 small tile fragments. Then continued extending locus 15 to the north.

2 cut antler or bone fragments, and iron slag, painted pottery sherd, adn 2 stamp decorated pottery fragements were found.

Tile and pottery count will be done in the end of the day.

142

Insert

Photo

Photo

Photo

143

Find #1

Locus 15

S. 48 E149.3

101 cm below surface

cut antler

Drawing

1997-0121

Find #2

Locus 15

S. 47.8 E149.4

100 cm below surface

stamp decorated impasto fragment

Drawing

Photo (pg 144)

1997-0105

Find #3

Locus 15

S. 48 E149

91-96 cm below surface

cut bone

Drawing

Photo

Find #4

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.5

101 cm below surface

iron slag

Drawing

144

Insert

Photo

Photo

Photo

145

1997-0114

Find #5

Locus 15

S. 48 E149

90-100 cm below surface (burn)

bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration (procession of animals)

Drawing

Photo

Find #6

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.7

95 cm below surface

painted pottery

Drawing

1997-0140

Find #7

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.5

95-100 cm below surface

incised bucchero fragment

Drawing

Photo

Find #8

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.4

95 cm below surface

decorated impasto fragment

Drawing

146

147

PM

Work continued in extending locus 15 north. Locus 15 was excavated to a depth of approximately 10cm bs, reaching total length of 2.9m. \xbd cassetta of tile fragments (1-17cm) and 6.5 latte cartons of bone and pottery were recovered during the day. 102 bone fragments, 529 impasto, 7 coarseware, 153 redware, 6 bucchero, and 5 creamware fragements were found. Afternoon finds included 2 impasto handles, a bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration, 2 sherds of incised pottery, incisted impasto tondo, a piece of painted pottery, and 2 rocchetti (one with stamped decoration) which were uncovered in close vicinity of each other.

148

149

Find #9

Locus 15

S. 47.5 E149.8

92 cm below surface

impasto handle

Drawing

Find #10

Locus 15

S. 48 E150

95 cm below surface

decorated impasto rim fragment

Drawing

Find #11

Locus 15

S. 47.5 E149.8

95 cm below surface

impasto handle

Drawing

150

photo

photo

photo

151

1997-102

Find #12

Locus 15

S. 47.4 E149.9

100 cm below surface

bucchero fragment with cylinder stamp decoration

Drawing

Photo

Find #13

Locus 15

S. 47.6 E149.9

96 cm below surface

impasto rocchetto

Drawing

1997-0115

Find #14

Locus 15

S. 47.4 E150.1

96 cm below surface

rocchetto with stamped decoration (concentric circles)

Drawing

Photo

152

photo

Find #15

Locus 15

S. 46.8 E150.1

95 cm below surface

painted pottery sherd

Drawing

1997-0186

Find #16

Locus 15

S. 46.8 E150.1

95 cm below surface

impasto tondo **joins to find #1 p161 and rim and body fragment form a full profile

Drawing

photo

Find #17

Locus 15

S. 48 E150

95-100 cm below surface

Drawing

154

photo

photo

155

AM Photos taken

First part of the morning was spent finishing excavating locus 15. Total length of locus 15 is 370cm along the T21 west baulk encompassing meters S 47-50 E 149-151. Burn layer rose in S 47-48 E 150-151, its bottom reaching 90cm bs. Floor of locus 15 was taken down 5 cm, reaching 112-114cm bs in order to clarify vertical limit of the burn layer in the section. The soil was sterile. Material recovered from locus 15 consisted of 60 small tile fragments (1-4cm) two of which were vitrified, and 1.66 latte cartons of bone and pottery.

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Suggested Citation

Margarita Gleba. "MG I (1997-07-13):0 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 21/1997, ID:349". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/d157c76f-d97a-4a29-8106-3c8f16ec1431>

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Murlo

Mapping Data

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