Open Context

Summary of Rectangles 7 and 8

Summary of Rectangles 7 + 8

1. Architecture

2. Strata

3. Finds (terracotta, pottery, bronze, ivories, others)

1. The pise wall uncovered in R6 continues through R7 and R8, from north to south.  Only the outline facing east was uncovered.  It is covered with a whitish plaster which in part seems to have been burnt to a bright red.  At one point in R7 there is a gap in the outline of the wall, with tile and pithoi fragments appearing in the profile.

Many of the small objects from rectangles seven and eight were sent to be cleaned in general lots.  All are from stratum D but precise grids were not always kept.  Those of particular interest are listed in IE Book 4, p 226 ff.

In lifting one meter of the crosswall between R7 and R8 it seems that we discovered the foundations of a lower wall which runs east-west and belongs to the lower building.  The crosswall which belongs to the upper building seems to have been built immediately on top of the lower foundation wall.

The lower wall is constructed with large fairly even stones.  The upper wall is built of smaller and rougher stones, with tiles and sherds mixed in with the stones.  The uppermost layers of the upper wall is made from fairly large pieces of pan

tiles and pithoi.

For photographs of the pise wall, see pp. 104 , 106 , 116 , 122 , 154 , 178 , 190 , 192 , 198 .

For photographs of the crosswall between R7 and R8, see pp. 194 , 196 , 198 .

2. Strata

The strata were labeled in accordance with the system worked out in excavating Rectangle 13 ( IE book 2 p. 185) .  In addition to the "pavement" Str. A and the burnt Str. D we noted a clay-like compact Str. E, which is predominant in the western part of R7.  It probably constitutes the floor level of the lower building complex.  Below this stratum a heavy dark Stratum F was noticed.  It rests immediately on the bedrock, and was especially noticable in the eastern part of R7.

3. Finds

Tiles Mixed with pithoi fragments in R7.  Fairly scarce in R8, except at the eastern part of the trench.  Representative tile edges were saved as well as cover tiles with a complete width.

A cut-out akroterion was found which has an intersting distribution ( 19710310

19710310
)

Pithoi Fragments Found in situ as well as scattered in R7.  Trench photographs of the upper layers show the compactness of the pithoi.  The pithoi seemed to rest immediately

on str. E, and the circular impressions made by their bases can be seen in the photographs on p. 116 .  Several of the ivory fragments were found very close to, or even below, a pithos base.  In grid A3 in R7 a bronze implement wsa found immediately on str. E, below a pithos.- A selection of pithoi frags. was saved.

Pottery

A wide and varied amount of sherds found in R7.  The restored vases and also some of the decorated handles and sherds are described and illustrated in book 3 as well as in book 4.

More complete pots seemed to appear in Rectangle 7, grids A-F 1-2 and E-F 1-4.

The amount of pottery was considerably less in Rectangle 8.  Of interest is, however, that sherds joined which came from different parts of R7 and R8.  When no grid designation is indicated for a restored vase it means that the distribution of the sherds covers all of Rectangle 7, and, in some cases, R7 and R8 combined.  (see 19710515

, 19710547
19710547
, 19710562 )

Bronze

a) cauldron, R7 A2 Stratum D p. 95

b) figurines, R7 D4 Stratum D p. 72

c) rhyton, R7 C2 Stratum D p. 61

d) handle, R7 D1 Stratum D p. 118

e) numerous nails and tacks- the layer exampes from R7 (e.g., pp. 78 and 80 )- The smaller tacks mainly from R8.  The tacks are of two kinds- a longer type which is always (?) bent at a right angle, and a short straight, somewhat sturdier, type.

f) a considerable amount of bronze fragments consisting of small slivers of unrecognizable shape.  Mainly from R8 which produced a small bag full

for 19711000

19711000
, 19711011
19711011
, 19711008
19711008
, 19711001
19711001
, 19711014
19711014

every day in the more concentrated areas.

Ivories Described in book 4, with photographs and drawings.  It should be noted that R8 produced a vast amount of small ivory slivers which were all burnt badly and therefore were extremely fragile.

Bone See book 4 for the more spectacular pieces which are worked in a manner similiar to ivory.

Undecorated pieces of bone were collected daily, in small amounts

19710865

19710865

of 19711003

19711003
, 19711009
19711009
, 19711013
19711013
, 19710881
19710881
, 19710872
19710872
19710872 , 19711002
19711002
, 19711004
19711004

Gold

Wire fragment R8 C4 stratum D p. 168

Fragments, part of pendant? R8 E4 stratum D p. 188

Glass #2) glass fragments

small beads and slivers

1) worked amber found in cleaning glass R7 or R8 19710872

19710872 19710872

Obsidian p. 169

In short- two quite productive rectangles

of 19710137

19710137

of 19710121

19710121
, 19711007
19711007
, 19710705
19710705
, 19710274
19710274

of 19710125

19710125
, 19710726
19710726
, 19710727
19710727

of 19710214

19710214
, 19710080
19710080
, 19710212
19710212

of 19710395

19710395
, 19710079
19710079
, 19710109
19710109

of 19710117

19710117
, 19710127
19710127
, 19710276
19710276
, 19710446
19710446
Property or Relation Value(s)
Temporal Coverage
[Standard: Dublin Core Terms]
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Suggested Citation

Ingrid Edlund. "IE III (1971-08-04):236-260; Summary of Rectangles 7 and 8 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro Rectangle/Tesoro Rectangle 8/1971, ID:286". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/documents/b7757ed3-63bf-4e63-b0e6-9e2dc673bc16>

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Murlo

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