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Final Summary

The area excavated was defined by the walls of the room in the Southeast corner of the upper building ( see p. 3 ).  The whole room, except for certain sections of wall packing ( see photos, p. 50 ) was cleaned down to what seems to be bedrock and galestra.


A - stony soil - This stratum had only a few pieces of weathered tile and coarse pottery, a few pieces of bronze, and one piece of iron.  Also, found at a depth of 22 cm in this stratum, was a piece of cavetto moulding from a frieze plaque.

The stony soil stratum can be interpreted as a stone fill which was set down as a pavement for the upper building.  Its thickness would probably be due to this need for better drainage in the southeastern part of the building.

B - Brown earth - This stratum yielded the greatest number of finds as well as many carbon deposits.  Relatively large amounts of pottery, including quite a few pieces of "Italo-Corinthian" ware, were found here.  Notable were the three pieces of Italo-Corinthian Aryballos found in Grid 6B.  Even more important was the leg from a proto-Corinthian animal alabastion found at the bottom of the brown earth layer in Grid 4B.

The brown earth stratum might be interpreted as a habitation layer.  The large amounts of carbon, as well as the relative quantity of finds, would support such an interpretation.

C - Yellow earth - This stratum separated the brown earth layer from the bedrock.  The finds here were fewer than in the brown earth layer.  The bucchero bull's head ( p. 12 ) and the decorated bucchero sherd came from this stratum.  Carbon deposits were also

found here, particularly around certain large rocks in Grids 3 C-D and 4-5 D-E.  Bronze was also in evidence, especially in the bronze and slag deposit found in Grid 3-4 C right above bedrock.

Thus strata A, B, and C form the complete profile of rectangle 18 (with the exception of the carbon deposits).  The carbon deposits were scattered and in no way formed a stratum except for in the southwest corner of the room ( see profile, p. 32 ).


Pottery - The following types of pottery were found in quantity:

A. Italo-Corinthian and similar types - about 75 sherdsof this type of pottery were found.  Most preserved little or no painted decoration.  Two pieces, however, were incised as well as decorated.  Three pieces of aryballos, preserving some decoration, were catalogued.  Also catalogued was the piece of proto-Corinthian alabastron ( 19720156


B.  Several pieces of what may be a cooking stand or brazier preserving some traces of paint.

C.  Bucchero - Most bucchero was badly preserved and unexceptional.  The bull's head ( 19720134

) and decorated sherd ( 19720168
) were catalogued.

Bronze - Many pieces of bronze were found, but most were unidentifiable.  Two long pins, a tack, and what may be the head of a hairpin were catalogued.

Terracottas - With the exception of a cavetto moulding from a frieze plaque and several un-identifiable pieces, architectural terracottas were not in evidence.  However, a large, heavy piece of terracotta was found in the yellow earth stratum, Grid 5A.

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Suggested Citation

Gregory Warden. "GW I (1972-07-12):54-61; Final Summary from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro Rectangle/Tesoro Rectangle 18/1972, ID:299". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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