Open Context

Daily Log Entry for Tuesday, 30 June 2009



YESTERDAY EVENING IT RAINED HEAVILY ON THE HILL. TODAY THE SOIL WAS MOIST TO POINT OF BEING MUDDY, BUT THERE WAS NO STANDING IN THE BOTTOM OF THE TRENCH. Completed a pick pass in Locus 3 through the entire locus. Some terracotta was recovered. Soil still contains large amounts of organic material & pockets black soil containing decaying material. There are still several small (3-5 cm long) medium (8-15 cm long) rocks scattered through the southern half of the trench. A second pick pass in the center of Locus 3 was completed in order to level locus 3 off. Some terracotta was recovered. A third pickpass through all of Locus 3 was then completed. For the most part, the soil in Locus 3 is the same. The organic material is particularly prominent in the center of Locus 3 . Picking & trowelling has however revealed a \x93slice\x94 of yellowish soil, w/ a sandier texture and no organic inclusions. This \x93slice\x94 of yellowish soil is about 20 cm wide at its widest, and appears at the northern edge of Locus 3 . It tapers off as it goes south, and disappears into the western baulk. The soil in the eastern section of also contains less organic inclusions but in color & in texture it resembles the end of Locus 1 .

Some terracotta & 3 pieces of modern glass were recovered in the third pickpass of Locus 3 .

T-56, after 3 rd

in Locus 3

(see diagram of trench on page 37 of JRV-II)

After the third pick pass in Locus 3 , one more pick pass in Locus 1 was made to see if there is any connection w/ Locus 3 or the yellow soil that has appeared in the west or the redder soil in the eastern part of Locus 3 . Some terracotta was recovered. The yellowish sandier soil which appeared in southern half of the trench is starting to appear in Locus 1 .

Another pick pass was made in Locus 1 to determine its relationship with the yellow soil appearing there. Some more terracotta was recovered and lots of white root rot and many roots are still showing up, especially in the northernmost meter of the trench. More yellowish soil is appearing in Locus 1 . After the pick pass, baulk wall were trimmed in preparation for opening photos of new loci.


The sun came out in late morning from behind heavy fog. After lunch the ground had dried and moisture levels in the soil were about the same as they were before yesterday's storm. Declared locus 4 & 5 . Locus 4 is the darker soil in the northern & eastern parts of the trench, while Locus 5 is the sandier yellowish soil which disappears into the western baulk. Locus 3 is still the very dark soil w/ lots of organic inclusions in the southern part of the trench. After photos were taken, Tony Tuck asserted that the southern part of the trench is intersected by an older trench from the 1970's possibly T-9 and is close to the well in the southern courtyard, which means that the southern half of the trench is old backfill. (The soil is much looser here than in the northern half.) He wants us to focus on the northern section of the trench and established a stratigraphic record on the northern baulk and on the northern baulk and on the northern half of the eastern baulk. With that in mind, we

completed a deeper pickpass in the northern half of the trench.

T-56, Locus 4 and 5 Opening

(see diagram of trench on page 41 of JRV-II)

Locus 4 & 5 Opening Coordinates

1. 136.43 E, 38.69 S

2. 136.96 E, 39.08 S

3. 136.34 E, 40.11 S

4. 137. 21 E, 40.18 S

Locus 4 & 5 Opening Elevations:

NW Corner: 73 cm BD = 28.25 m abs elev

NE Corner: 71 cm BD = 28.27 m abs elev

SE Corner: 94 cm BD = 28.04 m abs elev

SW Corner: 84 cm BD = 28.14 m abs elev

1: 75 cm BD = 28.23 m abs elev

2. 76 cm BD = 28.22 m abs elev

3. 77 cm BD = 28.21 m abs elev

4. 86 cm BD = 28.12 m abs elev

The pickpass in the northern half of the trench revealed some (less than 5) pieces of ceramic, some terracotta, more roots, some larvae, and a rocchetto fragment. (Find #1)


Locus 1: Terracotta: 30 pcs = 1/6 bowl

Ceramic: 4 pcs.

Locus 3: Terracotta: ca. 25 pcs = 1/6 bowl

Locus 4: Terracotta: ca. 25 pcs = 1/5 bowl

Ceramic: 4 pcs.

Locus 5: Terracotta: 12 pcs.

Ceramic: 2 pcs.

Baulk trim: Terracotta: 20 pcs.

FIND # 1

Rocchetto Fragment

Locus 4

136.89 E, 38.82 S

79 cm B.D. = 27.21 abs. elev.



NW Corner: 71 cm BD = 28.27 m abs elev

NE Corner: 64 cm BD = 28.34 m abs elev

SE Corner: 107 cm BD = 27.91 m abs elev

SW Corner: 93 cm BD = 28.05 m abs elev

Center: 88 cm BD = 28.10 m abs elev


Locus 4 Munsell reading: 10 YR 3/2 very dark grayish brown (dry)

10 YR 4/2 dark grayish brown (wet)

Locus 5 Munsell reading: 2.5 Y 4/3 olive brown (dry & wet)

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Suggested Citation

Joseph R. Vansuch. "JRV II (2009-06-30):35-44; Daily Log Entry for Tuesday, 30 June 2009 from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 56/2009, ID:616/Locus 1". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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