For Friday June 24, 1983: T26.1982,1983 [ Drawing of trench ]
June 24, 1983
- Tile: 4
- Pottery: 7
Meters X,Y,Z-67-69 were swept to better view the area and then work began with mestaline to remove the ~10cm of soil just above the "floor" in these meters. The "floor" lies at a depth of ~40cm here. The soil contained pockets of plaster and was light and sandy. There was very little pottery here. The "floor" was well preserved beneath this soil but it did dip into depressions.
The second cut, to !40cm, (just ~10cm above the "floor"), which was started yesterday, was continued
through meters alpha,beta,gamma-61-59. In gamma-61-59 the cut is actually ~25cm in depth since the slope of the hill descends to the south here. The soil of this cut is light brown and contained a large quantity of stones. These stones were apparently in direct line with the wall uncovered last year in T25 (see Gary Dunham, Book I). However, these stones were determined to be randomly scattered and were all too small to be part of a wall and so were lifted after cleaning around them to better view the area. Beneath these stones were found tiles.
A heavy concentration of tiles, many of them large fragments with finished edges, was encountered at ~30cm in beta,alpha-60,59. These were cleaned with hammer and mestaline and it in fact appears that a tile fall is present in these meters, just as there is one in meters M,N,O-77-82 (see MT Books V-VII). In one portion of this "fall"
in meter alpha-60, what may be the building's "floor" was cleaned. If this is "floor," the tiles rest on the floor. This may be indicative of the edge of the building's roof (and the building itself) in these meters.
Meters beta,alpha,Z-61 and Z,Y-60 were brought to ~40cm with pick, since the large tile concentration appears to lie just below this cut. Again stones were encountered here. This leaves ~10cm of soil above the "floor" in these meters. Four cassette of tile and 6 boxes of pottery were recovered from this second cut in X-gamma,61-59.
Note: Ellen Simmons, this year's archaeological illustrator, mentioned that at the site in Metaponto, Italy kils were built into the side of hills. It seems likely that the Etruscans at Poggio Civitate did the same thing since we are finding a great deal of
misfired terracotta, and since only ~5 meters to the south of this "floored" building the hill descends. Quite likely, a kiln may be found down the hill south of the T26.1982,1983 building. At the moment, this entire area south of the T26 building is thickly covered with woods.
Note also: A professional ceramicist who viewed the bubbly, vitrified material discovered in T26 this year and last year explained that this bubbling could be due to one of two reasons:
- a piece of pure iron oxide in the clay will bubble over like "lava."
- organic material in the clay will cause the bubbling if the piece is heated too quickly. The organic material will be converted to gaseous compounds at too high a rate if the heating is not done properly, thus resulting in the bubbling.
- Find #3
Terracotta woman's hair--joins to find #2, pg
- For other photos , see pg 156, MT VIII.
- Find #5
- Find #9
|Property or Relation||Value(s)|
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