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In 1991, a master grid system was established for the entire site of Poggio Civitate. A baseline was created running east-west, through the Piano del Tesoro and into the Civitate A and B areas of the site. In order to shoot this baseline, brush had to be cleared from Civitate B. While clearing brush, several semi-ovoid rock formations were revealed in Civitate B. Some of these formations were excavated, in order to better understand their nature and their relationship to other, known architectural features (see TT 1 1991 ). Based on the size and shape of these rock features and the pottery found inside of the rock features, these appear to be small tombs dateable to the 6th century BCE.

Additionally, a well was discovered in Civitate A during the 1997 season about thirty meters east of these rock formations, and also dated to the 6th century BCE (see MG II ). The well's presence indicates that Civitate A may have been inhabited during the 6th century BCE, contemporaneously with the monumental buildings on Piano del Tesoro. Numerous trenches have been opened around the well in Civitate A to look for evidence of non-elite habitation in the area.

Furthermore, all of Civitate B is located at a higher elevation than Civitate A and Piano del Tesoro. Surface finds seen in an initial walk through done in 2010 could not have eroded to their resting location, therefore, but rather had to have been deposited by the ancient inhabitants of Poggio Civitate. To that end, in 2010, more trenches were opened in the northern extent of Civitate B in hopes of locating more semi-ovoid rock formations and possibly finding permanent residences in the area of the well. Many of the trenches excavated in 2010 were found to be sterile (CB 36, CB 37). In addition, test trenches were dropped further to the south as well, which included trenches CB 35, CB 38, CB 39, CB 40, and CB 41.

CB 35 sought to uncover the surface evidence of what appeared to be another semi-ovoid rock formation, but in excavation it was not found to be the same sort of deposit. Excavation in CB 35 also revealed a rock packing, similar to those found in Civitate A, which prompted the opening of several other trenches in the area (see TT IV , CO III , AEG I ). While the rock packing proved not to be a deposit like those found in Civitate A, the opening of new trenches yielded an Archaic deposition pit and an organic deposit that was not fully excavated in 2010 (CB 39, CB 38).

These trenches will be reopened in 2011 to explore the full extent of their deposits, in addition to the opening of other nearby exploratory trenches.

CB 48 was chosen along the ridge line west of CB 35 at the highest point of elevation in the CB area as an exploratory trench designed to gather further understanding of the CB area. Because it is the highest point in the CB area the material found to the east, around CB-39, may have eroded from this higher position. The trench was also chosen because it lies in a slight dip in the surface, against a piece of bedrock akin to trenches excavated in the early 1990's (see TT 1 1991 ).

CB-48 will be opened in the south western portion of Civitate B, in an area of the site that has not been excavated, for the following reasons.

\x95 To search for evidence of non-elite habitation on the western side of the hill, for which the water-source would be the well, located in Civitate A (see CA 42).

\x95 To better understand and explore an area of the site that has not yet been excavated. In addition to hopefully revealing new architectural features, CB 48 will yield important stratigraphic and topographic information that is currently lacking.

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Suggested Citation

Mike C. Ginnard. "MCG I (2011-07-18):3-8; Introduction from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 48/2011, ID:643". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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