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The main goals and objectives of the 2015 excavation season in T-75 were as follows:

  1. To explore the area immediately east of T 65.
  2. To recover dateable materials from a secure context to better understand the previous features discovered during the 2014 excavation season.
  3. To potentially reveal new architectural features, stratigraphy, and topographic information.
  4. To search for further evidence of the building uncovered during the 2014 excavation season.

When considering these goals, the excavation of T-75, as well as the excavation of other trenches in the immediate surrounding area, was successful. During the 2014 field the northern wall of a structure was discovered, but due to rain excavators were unable to uncover the full extent of the structure. In the 2015 trenches T-75, T-76 ( KD III ), and T-66 ( KD II ), a substantial line of stones a little over a meter in width, running east-west, was uncovered which appears to form the southern wall of the structure. Additionally, another smaller line of stones in T-76, continuing into T-66, appears to form some sort of internal division within the structure. Furthermore, within the structure, an apparent floor surface with dateable materials lying atop it was found in several other trenches in the surrounding area, including T-66, T-78 ( KRK IX ), T-79 ( MLL III ), and T-80 ( AJC VIII ). Most of the artifacts recovered from those areas seem to support the previous assumption that the structure dates to the late 7 th century BCE. It should be noted however, that several test trenches were dropped throughout the area in the 1960s using a mechanical excavator, which may have churned up some of the materials and redeposited them. This is most evident in the easternmost extent of T-66 and T-80 where what appeared to be a linear rock packing was uncovered. With the discovery of a modern bottle of nail polish and a significantly different soil color in those areas, it was determined that this was actually part of the backfill from one of test trenches from the 1960s. Moreover, at the beginning of the 2015 season, in the northwestern extent of the excavation area distinct linear rock features were uncovered that are a continuation of the features uncovered in 2014 in T-57 ( AJC VI ), which run parallel to that found in T-59 ( KRK VII ), also excavated in 2014.

Within T-75 itself, the rock feature uncovered in Locus 2 can confidently be identified as a load-bearing wall, which appears to be a continuation of the linear rock feature uncovered in T-65 ( JWM/KRC I ). However, it should be noted that the feature in T-65 is far too thin to be any type of load bearing wall. It is possible that during the 1960s excavations that the mechanical excavators may have clipped some of those rocks and destroyed the more substantial load-bearing rocks from that portion of the wall. Alternatively, it is possible that this portion of the wall was robbed out in antiquity or reused to build the walls of the archaic building located 20 meters to the east on Piano del Tesoro. The northern extent of T-75 lies within the interior of the structure as evidenced by the majority of the artifacts being recovered from that area as opposed to the area south of the wall, which produced very little material at all. Oddly enough there appears to be no evidence of a floor surface in T-75, whereas a discernible floor surface is present in the surrounding trenches. This absence appears to be the result of the aforementioned mechanical excavators. However, a significant amount of dateable material was recovered from this area, particularly in Locus 5, which provides further evidence to support the previous assumption that the structure is of a mid 7 th century BCE date.

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Suggested Citation

Kendall R. Crumpler. "KRC I (2015-08-11):265-266; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 75/2015, ID:692". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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