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The main objective of this trench was achieved with a reasonable degree of confidence. A packing of rocks which seems clearly to be the retaining wall was uncovered in the Northern portion of the trench. Further investigation of this rock packing, achieved through a northern extension of the trench lends further support to this conclusion. The rock packing continued in the northern extension of the trench, with the greatest concentration of large rocks found in the southern half of the northern extension. The northern half of the extension contained some rocks, but they were smaller and not nearly as concentrated as those in the southern half of the extension. Taken in conjunction with the rock packing exposed in the initial trench, it seems that we can safely conclude that the packing represents a wall. This conclusion is further supported by the fact that there appears to be clear evidence for stacking of the large rocks. The smaller and less concentrated stones found in other areas of the trench are most likely a combination of break-off from the wall and stones that have eroded down from higher parts of the slope.

The concentration and deliberate linearity of the rock packing found in T-4 3A and its northern extension make it highly unlikely that it represents a coincidental erosional deposit. The wall shows clear evidence of stacking and appears to have been created by the stacking of large stones, perhaps with smaller stones wedged in for greater stability.

Mortar appears not to have been used. As predicted, the wall lines up with the wall found in in T- 42A, B, and C and in T-28 North.

Once again the absence of any chronologically secure artifacts from this trench makes it somewhat difficult to determine the date of the wall. As in T-42 A, B, and C, the wall maintains a very close relationship to the plateau in that the plateau follows the contours of the wall very precisely. Since the workshop is very clearly reliant on the plateau for its orientation/placement it seems that it would not be unreasonable to propose a dating to the Orientalizing period for the wall due to its seemingly planned relationship to both the plateau and the workshop. Hopefully further excavation of the wall will shed more light on this issue.

As to the final goals of this trench, the search for architectural elements and for the kiln, we were unsuccessful. No traces of architectural elements were found in T-43A. No traces of the kiln or artifacts associated with the kiln, such as terracotta wasters, were found in the trench either.

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Suggested Citation

Sonia Amaral Rohter. "SAR III (2005-07-01):63-66; Conclusion from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Tesoro/Tesoro 43A/2005, ID:557". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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