In 2014, a number of trenches were opened approximately 20 meters to the west of the western wall of the archaic building, in between the archaic building and the new building discovered in Civitate A in 2012 and 2013. In trenches T 57 ( AJC VI ), 59 ( KRK VII ), 65 ( JWM/KRC I ), 66 ( KD II ), and 69 ( EMO VII ), two parallel linear rock features, running roughly east-west, were discovered. These lines of rocks were robust, approximately 1.2 meters thick, and integrated within these stones were some examples of ceramics dating to the mid 7 th century BCE. Based on these findings, these lines of stones may mark the foundations of a previously undiscovered building. However, due to rain, we were not able to fully excavate these features and no return walls, running north-south, or floors were discovered in 2014. However, in the first two weeks of the 2015 season, a return wall, located at the western edge of the two linear rock features exposed in 2014, was discovered in T 70 ( MVS I ); this marks the western wall of a newly discovered building.
Additionally, in trenches T-74 ( ASM I ) and T-77 ( PAM II ), the northern linear rock feature was shown to continue eastward; this feature has now been found in trenches T-57 ( AJC VI ), 74 ( ASM I ), and 77 ( PAM II ). In T-75 ( KRC I ) and 76 ( KD III ), the southern linear rock feature from 2014 was shown to extend eastward as well, and connected with a cluster of stones found in T-66 ( KD II ) in 2014. Therefore, the southern linear rock feature now extends continuously across T-59 (KRK VII ), 65 ( JWM/KRC I ), 66 ( KD II ), 69 ( EMO VII ), 75 ( KRC I ), and 76 ( KD III ). Thus, a western wall of a new building was found in T-70, a northern wall was found running across T-57, 74, and 77, and a southern wall was found extending from T-69 in the west, across T-59, 65, 75, 76, and 66, where this wall terminates.
T-78 will be opened three meters to the southeast of T-77 ( PAM II ) and three meters to the north of T-66 ( KD II ), in order to locate the terminus of the northern wall and possibly an eastern return wall that would extend into T-66.
T 78 will be opened for the following reasons:
1. To determine whether the northern linear rock feature found in T 57 in 2014 continues eastward.
2. To search for a north-south running return wall, connecting the northern linear rock feature in T 57, 74, and 77 with the southern linear rock feature in T 59, 65, 66, 69, 75, and 76.
3. To search for a possible floor surface associated with the new building.
4. To securely date the potential new structure.
|Property or Relation||Value(s)|
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