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In CB 48 the standard method of excavation will be as follows. Dirt will be picked with the small end of a pickaxe, broken into clumps, and the clumps will then be hand sorted with trowels. The excess, sorted dirt will be put into buckets which will then be dumped at the dump site approximately 4 meters to the southeast of the trench.

Any terracotta roofing tile found will be counted in latte boxes with approximate measurements of 16 cm x 9 cm x 5 cm. If there are very low quantities of terracotta roofing tile they will be individually counted and recorded. Once counted and recorded these finds shall be discarded into a dump located to the east of the trench about 3 meters away. Any pottery and bone found will be counted on site and brought down to the magazzino in latte boxes for cleaning and further study.

If any special finds are discovered their coordinates and elevation in relation to the absolute elevation of the site shall be taken and recorded. A plumbbob will be held over the find and the distance from the trench boundaries will be measured at a right angle in order to

determine the N-S and E-W coordinates. A plumbbob will also be held over the find in order to obtain its elevation when a string, affixed to a datum with the known elevation of 33.11 m in relation to the origin, with a line level attached, will be extended over the find, intersecting with the plumbbob line. The elevation will then be measured with a tape measurer. Special finds are then sketched into the trench book on site and then sent down to the magazzino at the end of the day in small boxes for cleaning, analysis, and possible categorization.

Close attention will be paid to the soil being dug throughout the duration of the excavation in CB 48. Any changes in the soil or soil type will be noted in the trench book and a new loci will be defined, measured, photographed, and recorded. The elevation of the trench will be recorded at the end of every day as well and the defining of the baulk-walls will occur periodically in order to keep the trench looking neat and to get a better understanding of the stratigraphy of the soil. It is important to note that methods may change as the excavation gets underway, as the types and amounts of material found as well as the geology and topography of the trench ultimately determine the best excavation approach and method.

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Suggested Citation

Mike C. Ginnard. "MCG I (2011-07-19):9-12; Methodology from Italy/Poggio Civitate/Civitate B/Civitate B 48/2011, ID:643". (2017) In Murlo. Anthony Tuck (Ed.) . Released: 2017-10-04. Open Context. <>

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