Project: Aegean Archaeomalacology
Project / Collection Overview
This study investigates the archaeomalacological assemblages from three primary sites in the Aegean: Troia, Yenibademli, and Ulucak. The principle aim of the study is to reveal the environmental factors, and cultural and economic stimuli that may have affected the temporal and spatial patterns in the role and nature of shellfishing as an economic activity and the role of shellfish as an element of human nutrition. Archaeological mollusk shells are additionally treated as palaeoenvironmental archives; enhancing and complementing the studies of past coastal environments in the Aegean. The strong relationship between the coastal environment and human subsistence strategies is demonstrated within a greater framework by reviewing the available data from other archaeomalacological studies from the Aegean.
Although the chronological focus of the study is the Bronze Age, results from Post-Bronze Age Troia and from Chalcolithic Ulucak are included in the dissertation, in order to add perspective to temporal and spatial patterns.
Methods included the chronological analyses of the proportion of mollusk remains within the faunal assemblages, analyses of calculations of relative abundance of mollusk taxa, taphonomic analyses, contextual analysis, statistical analyses of the morphometric properties of important mollusk species, periodic sampling and examination of modern mollusk populations, stable isotopic analyses, seasonality analysis of incremental shell growth, and employment of ethnographic analogies.
Prey species were identified, the environments exploited for mollusk foraging were reconstructed, and gathering and processing techniques were explained. The factors affecting the decisions concerning harvest times were discussed. The evidence for the "murex" dye production in Troia was evaluated.
The changes in the size of Cerastoderma glaucum shells in Troia and Patella caerulea in Yenibademli indicate chronological changes in mollusk exploitation modes and demonstrate the consequences of human exploitation pressure on mollusk populations. Changes in the demographic structure of C. glaucum populations in Troia support this view. Seasonal incremental analysis of C. glaucum populations in Troia revealed that harvesting of this species took place year-around, with increased activity during warmer months. Changes in the growth pattern of C. glaucum may be indicative of changes in local climatic conditions. A major morphological difference is observed between the archaeological and modern populations of C. glaucum in the Troad. This situation is attributed to environmental changes.
This study should be considered as a pilot study for the archaeomalacology of the Eastern Mediterranean. The palaeoeconomic and palaeoenvironmental implications that emerged from this study can only be tested and improved if further morphometric, stable isotopic and incremental growth analyses on the archaeomalacological material from the region are carried out in conjunction with regional research on extant mollusk populations.
Suggested Citation for this Project Overview:
Canan Çakırlar. "Aegean Archaeomalacology: (Overview)" (Released 2010-01-13). Canan Çakırlar (Ed.) Open Context. <http://opencontext.org/projects/B1DAC335-4DC6-4A57-622E-75BF28BA598D>
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